Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

3. Mar. 2021

Vitrocell® Leaktester

Must-have device for aerosol research – easy and efficient leak detection

Regular leak tests are mandatory in aerosol research. A leak caused by a forgotten connection or defective o-ring may have a significant influence on the aerosol exposure process. We recommend to carry out a leak test prior to the experiment and as part of cleaning or service routine.

VITROCELL Application Note

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26. Mar. 2020

Screening antiviraler pharmazeutischer Leitwirkstoffe gegen das Coronavirus (COVID-19 / SARS-CoV-2)

VITROCELL in vitro Expositionssysteme für hocheffiziente und realistische Applikation aerosolisierter Medikamente auf menschliche Zellen des Atemtraktes unter physiologischen Bedingungen.

In der Inhalationstherapie werden pharmazeutische Präparate als Aerosole auf Zellen des Atemtraktes im Nasen- oder Lungenbereich appliziert. Zur präklinischen Entwicklung neuer Arzneimittel werden dafür oft kommerziell erhältliche, physiologisch relevante in vitro Zellkulturmodelle des Nasen-, Rachen- oder Lungenepithels verwendet. In jüngster Zeit wurden diese Modelle verfeinert, um SARS-CoV-2 Infektionen nachzuahmen.

VITROCELL Anwendungshinweis.

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29. Dec. 2020

Air–Liquid Interface Exposure of Lung Epithelial Cells to Low Doses of Nanoparticles to Assess Pulmonary Adverse Effects

https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11010065

 

Silvia Diabaté 1, Lucie Armand 2, Sivakumar Murugadoss 1 , Marco Dilger 1 , Susanne Fritsch-Decker 1, Christoph Schlager 3, David Béal 2, Marie-Edith Arnal 2, Mathilde Biola-Clier 2, Selina Ambrose 4, Sonja Mülhopt 3, Hanns-Rudolf Paur 3, Iseult Lynch 5 , Eugenia Valsami-Jones 5 , Marie Carriere 2, and Carsten Weiss 1

1 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Biological and Chemical Systems–Biological Information Processing, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany;
2 CEA, CNRS, IRIG, SyMMES, University Grenoble Alpes, 38054 Grenoble, France;
3 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Chemistry, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany; 
4 Promethean Particles Ltd., Nottingham NG7 3EF, UK;
5 School of Geography Earth & Environmental Sciences (GEES), University of Birmingham (UoB), Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK;

 

KIT, together with VITROCELL SYSTEMS, set up a first Automated Exposure Station, which has been used for the assessment of nanoscale particle emissions from combustion sources such as ship diesel and wood burners. The system was further developed and offers a compact solution for toxicity testing of nanoparticle (NP) aerosols including sample conditioning, reproducible deposition, integrated dose determination by a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), flow control, automated processes and data acquisition. The device was also tested with partner laboratories with the aim of potentially standardizing and achieving regulatory acceptance of the method.

 

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28. Nov. 2020

Parametric Optimization of an Air–Liquid Interface System for Flow-Through Inhalation Exposure to Nanoparticles: Assessing Dosimetry and Intracellular Uptake of CeO2 Nanoparticles

doi:10.3390/nano10122369

Lars B. Leibrock 1, Harald Jungnickel 1, Jutta Tentschert 1, Aaron Katz 1, Blaza Toman 2 , Elijah J. Petersen 3 , Frank S. Bierkandt 1, Ajay Vikram Singh 1 , Peter Laux 1 and Andreas Luch 1
1 German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department of Chemical and Product Safety, Max-Dohrn-Strasse 8-10, 10589 Berlin, Germany; 
2 Information Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaitherburg, MD 20899-8311, USA; 
3 Materials Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaitherburg, MD 20899-8311, USA; 

 

ALI systems are considered to be a promising exposure system to study toxicological e ects of airborne nanomaterials instead of in vivo inhalation studies and have been widely used to assess the toxicology of nanomaterials in recent years. However, the robustness of these methods is not yet wellunderstood. Here we reported a C&E analysis of a commonly used flow through ALI exposure system.

 

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19. Nov. 2020

Sub‑ohm vaping increases the levels of carbonyls, is cytotoxic, and alters gene expression in human bronchial epithelial cells exposed at the air–liquid interface

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12931-020-01571-1


Alexandra Noël, Ekhtear Hossain, Zakia Perveen, Hasan Zaman and Arthur L. Penn
Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, 1909 Skip Bertman Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA

 

Human bronchial epithelial cells (H292) were exposed to either butter-flavored or cinnamon-flavored e-cig aerosols at the ALI in a Vitrocell exposure system connected to a third-generation e-cig device.

 

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18. Nov. 2020

Comparison of the biological impact of aerosol of e-vapor device with MESH® technology and cigarette smoke on human bronchial and alveolar cultures

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2020.11.006

Albert Giralta, Anita R Iskandara, FlorianMartina, ElisaMoschinib, TomassoSerchib, AthanasiosKondylisa, DiegoMarescottia, PatriceLeroya, LauraOrtega-Torresa, ShoaibMajeeda, CelineMerga, KeyurTrivedia, EmmanuelGuedja,StefanFrentzela, Nikolai V Ivanova, Manuel C Peitscha, Arno C Gutlebb, JuliaHoenga


a Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, 2000, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
b Department of Environmental Research and Innovation, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Luxembourg

 

Highlights
• Biological impact of exposure to an aerosol of an e-vapor device was investigated using human bronchial and alveolar models.
• The biological impact of e-vapor aerosol exposure was lower than that of cigarette smoke at similar nicotine levels.
• The exposure effects at the molecular levels were evaluated using a systems toxicology approach.

 

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15. Nov. 2020

The Comparative Analysis of Cytokine Production by a Human 3D Tissue Model Following Exposure to Traditional Cigarette Smoke, Tobacco-Heated Product and E-Cigarette Aerosol

Rob Bedford1, Emma Rothwell1, Sophie Martin1, Cian O’Hanlon1, Andrew McCune2 and Michael Hollings1
1Genetic and Molecular Toxicology and 2Immunology and Immunotoxicology, Covance Laboratories Ltd., Harrogate, UK

 

- Exposure to 3R4F resulted in increased levels of IL-4, MDC, GM-CSF, IL-12/IL23p40, IL-10 and IFN-γ in the recovery media. Approximately three-fold increases in MDC, GM-CSF, IL-12/IL23p40 and IFNγ were observed whilst two-fold increases were observed for IL-4 and IL-10. In comparison, no marked effect was observed in the module media.

- In contrast to the response observed from 3R4F exposure, fewer changes in cytokine production were observed following THP and E-cigarette exposure. IFNγ demonstrated a two-fold increase in levels measured in the recovery media at doses 1 and 2 for THP. IL-12/IL23p40 also demonstrated a 1.5-fold increase in recovery media following exposure to THP. In addition, IFN-γ and IL-8 were increased following exposure to E-cigarette at dose 2. IL-1β also demonstrated a 1.5-fold increase in the recovery and module media following exposure to E-cigarette.

- A number of cytokines were reduced following exposure to THP and E-cigarette. For example, GM-CSF, MIP1α, VEGF and MCP-1.

- These results demonstrate the difference in cytokine profiles of MucilAir tissues following exposure to different nicotine-containing products.

 

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11. Nov. 2020

Exposure of cellulose nanocrystals on human lung cells at the air-liquid-interface

Best poster prize award at the Euro 2020 OpenTox Virtual Conference on September 21-25, 2020.

Michelle Hesler1, Annika Kittel1, Stephan Dähnhardt-Pfeiffer2, Christoph Metzger3, Christine Herrmann3, Marielle Fink4, Heiko Briesen3, Tobias Krebs4, Hagen von Briesen1, Sylvia Wagner1, Yvonne Kohl1
1 Fraunhofer Institut für Biomedizinische Technik IBMT, Sulzbach, Germany, 
2 Microscopy Services Dähnhardt GmbH, Flintbek, Germany, 
3 Lehrstuhl für Systemverfahrenstechnik, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany, 
4 VITROCELL Systems GmbH, Fabrik Sonntag 3, Waldkirch, Germany

 

- In vitro aerosol exposure studies were performed with an air-liquid-interface (ALI)-lung model consisting of A549 (epithelial cells), EA.hy926 (endothelial cells) and THP-1 (macrophages) cells.
- Two different types of CNC extracted from α-cellulose (CNC-W) and pulp (CNC-G) by sulfuric acid hydrolysis were studied in a concentration of 100 μg/ml applied as aerosols with VITROCELL® Cloud system.
- Single and multiple exposure with and without a 24 h regeneration phase were compared.
- Endpoints of the study: Cell viability, ROS generation and DNA damage.

 

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2. Nov. 2020

Toxicological responses of BEAS-2B cells to repeated exposures to benzene, toluene, m-xylene, and mesitylene using air–liquid interface method

DOI: 10.1002/jat.4113


Clémence Méausoone1, Yann Landkocz1, Fabrice Cazier2, Marianne Seigneur1 Dominique Courcot1, Sylvain Billet1
1Unité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkirk, France
2Centre Commun de Mesures, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkirk, France

 

Benzene and toluene are solvents largely used in industries and emitted into the atmosphere, despite major and direct impacts on human health. This study shows the feasibility of observing mechanisms of toxic action during repeated exposure at ALI to doses close to human exposure. The second strength of this study was the measure of XME induction level with the initiation of several xenobiotic metabolism pathways over time. BEAS-2B cells were exposed to benzene, toluene, m-xylene, or mesitylene gaseous stream diluted in air using the Vitrocell ALI system.

 

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2. Nov. 2020

Influence of the environmental relative humidity on the inflammatory response of skin model after exposure to various environmental pollutants

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.110350

Emeline Seurat a, Anthony Verdin b, Fabrice Cazier c, Dominique Courcot b, Richard Fitoussi d, Katell Vi´e d, Val´erie Desauziers e, Isabelle Momas a, Nathalie Seta a, Sophie Achard a
a Laboratoire de Sant´e Publique et Environnement, Hera “Health Environmental Risk Assessment”, Inserm UMR1153-CRESS (Centre de Recherche en Epid´emiologie et StatistiqueS), Universit´e de Paris, Facult´e de Pharmacie de Paris, 4, Avenue de L’Observatoire, 75006, Paris, France
b Unit´e de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant UR4492, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Maison de La Recherche en Environnement Industriel 2, Universit´e Du Littoral Cˆote D’Opale, 189A Avenue Maurice Schumann, 59140, Dunkerque, France
c Centre Commun de Mesures (CCM), Universit´e Du Littoral-Cˆote D’Opale, 145 Avenue Maurice Schumann, 5914, Dunkerque, France
d Laboratoires Clarins, 5 Rue Amp`ere, 95300, Pontoise, France
e IPREM, IMT Mines Ales, Universit´e de Pau et des Pays de L’Adour, E2S UPPA, CNRS, Pau, France

 

In the course of this study, they tested various pollutants with different chemical compositions, applying them to the apical side of Reconstructed Human Epidermis and being particularly interested in the effect relative humidity has on the reaction to pollutants. Investigating several cytokines and chemokines, they showed that IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8, and RANTES are the cytokines/chemokines almost systematically induced by most pollutants.

 

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