Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

27. Jul. 2020

Vitrocell® holder systems for e-cigarettes

Secure and tight connection of any device to the smoking machine.

New designs of electronic cigarettes such as ENDS (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) products or HTP (Heated Tobacco Products) lead to a large variety of different shapes which make the insertion into conventional holders with labyrinth seals impossible. VITROCELL® has developed a new holder system which is flexible to adjust to different shapes.

VITROCELL Application Note

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25. Jun. 2020

Novel TEM Grid holders for dose determination of airborne particles during in vitro Exposure at the air / liquid interface

The assessment of toxicological effects of airborne particles to the human organism is of major importance in disease research. The presence of nano and ultrafine particles can be found both in indoor and outdoor atmospheres which include workplaces and living areas. Over the last years, the degree of contribution to diseases of such particles is analyzed ever more frequent by the use of in vitro methods. The required equipment for these studies consisting of aerosol generation and exposure systems are nowadays developed more and more to proven levels.

VITROCELL Application Note.

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27. Mar. 2020

Reliable in vitro Exposure Systems for Screening of Antiviral Lead Compounds against Coronavirus (COVID-19 / SARS-CoV-2)

VITROCELL Application Note for Highly efficient and realistic application of aerosolized drugs to ­human cells of the respiratory tract under physiologic conditions

In inhalation therapy, drugs are deposited as aerosols on cells of the respiratory tract from the nasal or lung region. Physiologically realistic in vitro cell culture models of the pulmonary epithelium and the air-blood barrier as well as from the nasal region are commercially available. Recently, these models have been refined to mimic  SARS-CoV-2 infections.

VITROCELL Application Note.

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26. Mar. 2020

Screening antiviraler pharmazeutischer Leitwirkstoffe gegen das Coronavirus (COVID-19 / SARS-CoV-2)

VITROCELL in vitro Expositionssysteme für hocheffiziente und realistische Applikation aerosolisierter Medikamente auf menschliche Zellen des Atemtraktes unter physiologischen Bedingungen.

In der Inhalationstherapie werden pharmazeutische Präparate als Aerosole auf Zellen des Atemtraktes im Nasen- oder Lungenbereich appliziert. Zur präklinischen Entwicklung neuer Arzneimittel werden dafür oft kommerziell erhältliche, physiologisch relevante in vitro Zellkulturmodelle des Nasen-, Rachen- oder Lungenepithels verwendet. In jüngster Zeit wurden diese Modelle verfeinert, um SARS-CoV-2 Infektionen nachzuahmen.

VITROCELL Anwendungshinweis.

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13. Jul. 2020

An experimental aerosol air–agar interface mouse lymphoma assay methodology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2020.503230 

Authors
Thorne D1, Hollings M2, Kilford J2, Clements J2, Payne R2, Ballantyne M2, Dalrymple, A1, Dillon, D1, Meredith, C1, Gaҫa, M1  
 
1 British American Tobacco, R&D, Southampton, Hampshire SO15 8TL, UK. 
2 Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otely Road, Harrogate, HG1 PY, UK

 

Highlights

  • An experimental concept of exposing L5178Y cells at the air-agar-interface
  • Cells were lightly seeded on an agar surface to achieve exposure
  • Flowing air, plating and recovery efficiencies from the agar-surface were investigated
  • Positive controls were responsive, suggesting a clear cellular interaction with the agar-matrix 
  • Cigarette smoke aerosol showed a dose-response relationship with increasing mutant frequencies

 

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21. May. 2020

A novel TEM grid sampler for airborne particles to measure the cell culture surface dose

Sonja Mülhopt1, Christoph Schlager2, Markus Berger2, Sivakumar Murugadoss3, Peter H. Hoet3, Tobias Krebs2, Hanns-Rudolf paur1 & Dieter Stapf1
1Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Technical Chemistry, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, 76344, Germany. 
2Vitrocell Systems GmbH, Waldkirch, 79183, Germany. 
3KU Leuven, Environment and Health, Leuven, 3000, Belgium.

 

The surface dose and the spatial distribution on the membrane delivers important data for  measuring dose-response relationships in toxicity studies.  Image evaluation of transmission electron  microscopy (TEM) samples is a highly sensitive method for determination of deposition. This paper reports  the development and characterization of a novel holder for film coated TEM copper grids, which allows for  sampling under identical geometric and ambient conditions as in a cell culture chamber. 

 

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13. May. 2020

An Air-liquid Interface Bronchial Epithelial Model for Realistic, Repeated Inhalation Exposure to Airborne Particles for Toxicity Testing

DOI:10.3791/61210 


Hedwig M. Braakhuis1, Ruiwen He1,2, Rob J. Vandebriel1, Eric R. Gremmer1, Edwin Zwart1, Jolanda P. Vermeulen1, Paul Fokkens1, John Boere1, Ilse Gosens1, Flemming R. Cassee1,2 
1National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) 
2Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS) 


This article provides a method for culturing and exposing the human bronchial epithelial cell line Calu-37 at the Air-liquid Interface that mimics realistic, repeated inhalation exposure conditions that can be used for toxicity testing. By applying a continuous airflow using the Automated Exposure System, the cell model can be exposed to a low concentration of particles over a longer time period, reflecting realistic exposure conditions. Characteristics of both the cell model and of  the exposure system are essential for achieving a realistic inhalation exposure model that can be used for repeated exposures. 

 

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14. Apr. 2020

Toxicity and Gene Expression Profiling of Copper- and Titanium-Based Nanoparticles Using Air–Liquid Interface Exposure

https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00489


Matthias Hufnagel, Sarah Schoch, Johanna WallBettina, Maria Strauch, Andrea Hartwig
Department of Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Institute of Applied Biosciences, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Adenauerring 20a, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany

 

In this study an ALI exposure was combined with a high-throughput RT-qPCR approach to evaluate the toxicological potential nanoparticles in A549 cells.

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26. Mar. 2020

New lung model gives lab animals a breather

A first-of-its-kind 3D lung model could replace animals in inhalation toxicity research.

Autor

Francesca Lake

Source
Barosova H, Maione AG, Septiadi D et al. Use of EpiAlveolar lung model to predict fibrotic potential of multiwalled carbon nanotubes. ACS Nano

doi:10.1021/acsnano.9b06860 (2020);
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.9b06860
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/pfte-psg032420.php

 

The model utilizes an air–liquid interface exposure device, VITROCELL Cloud, which PETA had awarded to the Heriot–Watt group in 2017 along with three other groups, in an attempt to support the development of non-animal toxicity testing methods.

 

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Categories: Publications

Tags: VITROCELL Cloud

24. Mar. 2020

Comparison of Vapor and Liquid Phase Acrolein Exposures to Air Liquid Interface (ALI) Cell Cultures

David H. Brandwein, F. Adam Bettmann, Michael P. DeLorme, Alan T. Eveland, Lawrence M. Milchak 
3M Corporate Toxicology and Environmental Science, St. Paul, MN
 

The STL is working to develop an in vitro screening ALI model to assess the acute respiratory irritation potential for new chemicals. These experiments examined multiple aspects of the model, including different cell culture systems (A549 and EpiAirway), different exposure methods (dynamic vapor and liquid phase), and different post exposure periods, all using acrolein as a model respiratory irritant. The goal was to better understand the critical parameters of the cell systems and exposure methods to enable the development of a consistent screening model, while gaining clarity of the dosimetry. 

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