Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

5. Apr. 2018

A Case Study for the Comparison of In Vitro Data Across Multiple Aerosol Exposure Studies with Extrapolation to Human Dose

DOI: 10.1089/aivt.2017.0042

David Thorne, Emma Bishop, Linsey Haswell, and Marianna Gaca
British American Tobacco Group R&D, Southampton, United Kingdom

This case study has demonstrated that dosimetry techniques using particulate markers can allow in vitro biological data generated on five independent aerosol exposure system studies, under contrasting experimental designs and with different cell types, to be directly compared.

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (423)

28. Mar. 2018

Characterization of a Vitrocell VC1 Using Nicotine Dosimetry: An Essential Component Toward Standardized In Vitro Aerosol Exposure of Tobacco and Next Generation Nicotine Delivery Products

DOI: 10.1089/aivt.2018.0001
Holger Behrsing,1 Mario Aragon,1 Jason Adamson,2 Devin Sheehan,1 Marianna Gaca,2 Rodger Curren,1 and Erin Hill1
1Respiratory Toxicology, Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc., Gaithersburg, Maryland.
2R&D, British American Tobacco, Southampton, United Kingdom.

The study shows an assessment of VC1 aerosol generation that was conducted by measuring puff-by-puff in vitro nicotine concentration of 3R4F cigarettes (ISO and HCI regimes), e-cigarette (CRM81 puffing profile), and THP (HCIm regime). The aerosols were applied to in vitro or ex vivo cellular and tissue systems that model the respiratory tract, such as reconstructed human airways (RHuA), which are grown at the air–liquid interface (ALI). Additionally a comparison between the Vitrocell VC1 (U.S. Laboratory) and the VC10 (UK Laboratory) Smoking Robot was done.

 

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (176)

11. Mar. 2018

A setup to test toxicity of alcohol inhalation from consumer products

User Group Meeting 2018

Dr. Monique Manche1, Dr. Fabrice Nesslany2, Tobias Krebs3
1Laboratoires Anios, 59260 Lille-Hellemmes, France
2Laboratoire de toxicologie génétique, Institut Pasteur de Lille, 59000 Lille, France
3VITROCELL Systems GmbH, 79183 Waldkirch, Germany

 

Genotoxicity tests (in vitro micronucleus test and comet assay) have been conducted on p53 competent pulmonary cells, with alcohol administration as vapours to obtain data under conditions more representative of actual exposure conditions via the pulmonary route.

 

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (180)

11. Mar. 2018

Update: Deposition Enhancement via Thermophoresis

User Group Meeting 2018

Dr. Dirk Brogell

Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), Unit 4.5, 10317 Berlin, Germany

The poster demonstrates the particle deposition via thermal precipitation (particle precipitation by thermophoresis) on cells hosted at the air-liquid interface (ALI).
Advantages of thermophoresis
• Diffusion-like mechanism, gentle particle deposition 
• Independent from particle size (for nanoparticles)
• Homogenous deposition density profile 
• No need to manipulate aerosol properties for deposition (charge, size)

 

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (122)

11. Mar. 2018

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018

10 March 2018, Grand Hyatt San Antonio, Texas, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2017 in Baltimore, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan and USA reconvened in March 2018.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers. The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 11 – 15, 2018, in San Antonio, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2018.

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (556)

15. Jan. 2018

An approach to testing undiluted e-cigarette aerosol in vitro using 3D reconstituted human airway epithelium

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2018.01.010
E. Bishop, L. Haswell, J. Adamson, S. Costigan, D. Thorne, M. Gaca
British American Tobacco, R&D, Southampton, Hampshire SO15 8TL, UK

A reconstituted 3D human airway epithelium was exposed to undiluted aerosols at the air-liquid interface, using a Vitrocell VC 10 under ISO and HCI conditions. A 3R4F reference cigarette and a commercially available e-cigarette product were tested on their effect on CBF and TEER.

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (231)

6. Mar. 2017

Endothelial responses of the alveolar barrier in vitro in a dose-controlled exposure to diesel exhaust particulate matter

DOI 10.1186/s12989-017-0186-4

Sebastian G. Klein1,2, Sébastien Cambier1, Jennifer Hennen2, Sylvain Legay1, Tommaso Serchi1, Inge Nelissen3, Aline Chary1, Elisa Moschini1, Andreas Krein1, Brunhilde Blömeke2 and Arno C. Gutleb1

1Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research and Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41, rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
2Department of Environmental Toxicology, University Trier, Universitätsring 15, 54296 Trier, Germany


In this study tetracultures of alveolar epithelial cells (A549) were exposed to different doses of DEPM (SRM2975) at the air-liquid-interface to present the first approach to combine a complex 3D tetraculture in vitro system with native aerosol exposure equipment to mimic the exposure situation in vivo as closely as possible.

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (355)

3. Jan. 2017

Development, qualification, validation and application of the neutral red uptake assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells using a VITROCELL® VC10® smoke exposure system

Wanda Fields a, Kathy Fowler a, Victoria Hargreaves b, Lesley Reeve b, Betsy Bombick a
a RAI Services Company, Scientific & Regulatory Affairs, 401 North Main Street,Winston-Salem, NC 27101, USA
b Covance Laboratories Ltd., Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG1 3PY, UK

This study discribes the development, validation and application of the NRU assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, following exposure to fresh whole smoke generated with the VITROCELL®VC10®system. The VITROCELL® VC10® successfully provided consistent generation and delivery of whole smoke from a cigarette (3R4F) and a primarily “heat-not-burn” cigarette (Eclipse).

 

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (502)

7. Dec. 2016

The comparative in vitro assessment of e-cigarette and cigarette smoke aerosols using the gH2AX assay and applied dose measurements

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2016.12.006

David Thorne, Sophie Larard, Andrew Baxter, Clive Meredith, Marianna Gaҫa

British American Tobacco, R&D Centre, Southampton, Hampshire, SO15 8TL, UK

 

H I G H L I G H T S
Cigarette smoke generates a dose dependent increase in double strand breaks.
E-cigarette aerosols did not generate any increases in double strand breaks above control levels.
E-cigarette exposures were approximately 28-fold greater than that of cigarette smoke exposures.
In vitro dosimetry ensures accurate interpretation of the data, and confirms delivery of test agent.

In vitro dosimetry allows cross-product, study and system comparisons.

 

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (839)

3. Nov. 2016

Air-liquid interface exposure to aerosols of poorly soluble nanomaterials induces different biological activation levels compared to exposure to suspensions

DOI 10.1186/s12989-016-0171-3

Thomas Loret1,2, Emmanuel Peyret1, Marielle Dubreuil1, Olivier Aguerre-Chariol3, Christophe Bressot3, Olivier le Bihan3, Tanguy Amodeo3, Bénédicte Trouiller1, Anne Braun1, Christophe Egles2,4 and Ghislaine Lacroix1


1
Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), (DRC/VIVA/TOXI), Parc Technologique ALATA—BP 2, Verneuil-en-Halatte F-60550, France.
2Laboratoire BioMécanique et BioIngénierie (BMBI), Université de Technologie de Compiègne (UTC), UMR CNRS 7338, Compiègne 60205, France.
3Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), (DRC/CARA/NOVA), Parc Technologique ALATA—BP 2, Verneuil-en-Halatte F-60550, France.
4Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA.
 

A549 alveolar cells in monocultures and in co-cultures with THP-1 macrophages were exposed to aerosols of inhalable and poorly soluble nanomaterials. The results are evaluated by using the Alamar blue®, LDH, Dichlorofluorescein (DCF) and ELISA Assay and shows that the air-liquid interface represents a valid and sensitive method to assess the toxicity of several poorly soluble nanomaterials.

 

Read more

Comments (0) Number of views (795)
RSS
1234567
Back to Top