Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

7. Sep. 2019

Application of a multi‑layer systems toxicology framework for in vitro assessment of the biological effects of Classic Tobacco e‑liquid and its corresponding aerosol using an e‑cigarette device

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-019-02565-9


Anita R. Iskandar, Filippo Zanetti, Diego Marescotti, Bjorn Titz, Alain Sewer, Athanasios Kondylis, Patrice Leroy, Vincenzo Belcastro, Laura Ortega Torres, Stefano Acali, Shoaib Majeed, Sandro Steiner, Keyur Trivedi, Emmanuel Guedj, Celine Merg, Thomas Schneider, Stefan Frentzel, Florian Martin, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng


Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland

Previous experimental setups shows the effects of e-liquids on cell viability (first layer), followed by investigating the potential mechanisms of toxicity elicited by e-liquids (second layer) and finally assessing the impacts of aerosols (third layer). In this present work shows how the three-layer framework is leveraged to evaluate the potential toxicity and biological effects of the MESH Classic Tobacco and Base e-liquids/aerosols compared with those of 3R4F CS.

 

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11. Aug. 2019

Exposure to aerosols from electronic cigarettes using the MESH™ technology has a reduced biological impact on bronchial epithelial cell cultures compared with exposure to cigarette smoke

Gordon Research Conference, Integration of Emerging Technologies in Mechanistic and Translational Toxicology,Andover, August 11–16, 2019

Albert Giralt, Florian Martin, Anita R. Iskandar, Alain Sewer, Laura Ortega Torres, AthanasiosKondylis, Patrice Leroy, Celine Merg, ShoaibMajeed, Emmanuel Guedj, Thomas Schneider, KeyurTrivedi, Stefan Frentzel, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng


PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
 

In contrast to 3R4F CS exposure, exposure to IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosols did not cause tissue damage or have an impact on ciliary beating functionality in bronchial epithelial cell cultures despite resulting in greater concentrations of deposited nicotine. Cultures exposed to IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosols showed fewer changes in proteins involved in xenobiotic metabolism than those exposed to CS.

 

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10. Mar. 2019

Exposure to an aerosol from a novel electronic cigarette using the MESH™ technology elicited reduced biological impacts than exposure to cigarette smoke on buccal and small airway epithelial cultures

Society of Toxicology, Annual Meeting 2019, Baltimore, MD, USA | 10-14 March

Anita R. Iskandar, Filippo Zanetti, Athanasios Kondylis, Florian Martin, Alain Sewer, Laura Ortega Torres, Shoaib Majeed, Sandro Steiner, Emmanuel Guedj, Celine Merg, Thomas Schneider, Keyur Trivedi, Stefan Frentzel, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng


PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland

 

The impacts of an acute exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) and to aerosol from a novel electronic cigarette (EC) device using MESH™ technology were assessed using human organotypic buccal epithelial cultures and small airway epithelial cultures. A paired design was implemented: in parallel to the exposure to CS or EC aerosol, cultures were also exposed to air in the same exposure module. Tissue damage was not seen in cultures exposed to the IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosol despite resulting in greater concentrations of deposited nicotine. In buccal cultures, CS and IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosol elicited different infammatory response.

 

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5. Mar. 2019

A lower impact of an acute exposure to electronic cigarette aerosols than to cigarette smoke in human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures was demonstrated using systems toxicology assessment

DOI:10.1007/s11739-019-02055-x
Filippo Zanetti1, Athanasios Kondylis1, Florian Martin1, Patrice Leroy1, Shoaib Majeed1, Sandro Steiner1, Yang Xiang1, Laura Ortega Torres1, Keyur Trivedi1, Emmanuel Guedj1, Celine Merg1, Stefan Frentzel1, Nikolai V. Ivanov1, Utkarsh Doshi2, Kyeonghee Monica Lee2, Willie J. McKinneyJr2, Manuel C. Peitsch1, Julia Hoeng1

1 Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A.NeuchâtelSwitzerland
2 Altria Client Services LLCRichmondUSA

Human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures were exposed in two independent exposure systems (Vitrocell® 24/48), one for 3R4F reference cigarette smoke and the other for e-cigarette aerosol exposures to summarize the exposure-induced impacts into four main cellular processes: the cell fate, cell proliferation, cell stress, and inflammatory process.

 

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28. Oct. 2018

Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology

Manufacturers invest in nonanimal tests to evaluate health risks of e-cigarettes and other next-generation tobacco products

c&en, Volume 96, Issue 43

Britt E. Erickson

The complexity of next-generation tobacco products has increased by a number of factors since FDA was given responsibility to regulate tobacco. Testing e-liquids with animals is not practical, economically and not that accurate. The Vitrocell system generates airborne materials from test products, such as smoke from reference cigarettes and vapor from e-cigarettes, in a manner that simulates how a person would puff. This artcile shows, how IIVS scientists use human donor tissues, obtained from organs, to create cell cultures and in vitro test systems.


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9. Jul. 2018

Delivery efficiencies of constituents of combustion-derived aerosols across the air-liquid interface during in vitro exposures.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2018.06.024

Steiner S, Diana P, Dossin E, Guy P, Vuillaume G, Kondylis A, Majeed S, Frentzel S, Hoeng J

PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, 2000, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Highlights
•Different smoke constituents are delivered with different efficiencies during in vitro exposures.
•This indicates considerable differences in the composition of the applied and the absorbed smoke.
•The composition of the applied smoke is of limited value for describing the exposure.

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30. Jun. 2018

Characterization and modeling of aerosol deposition in Vitrocell® exposure systems - exposure well chamber deposition efficiency

DOI 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2018.06.015

 

Francesco Luccia, Nicolas D. Castrob, Ali A. Rostamib, Michael J. Oldhamb, Julia Hoenga, Yezdi B. Pithawallab, Arkadiusz K. Kuczajac

a Philip Morris International Research & Development, Philip Morris Products S.A. (part of Philip Morris International group of companies), Quai Jeanrenaud 5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
b Altria Client Services LLC, Center for Research and Technology, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
c Multiscale Modeling & Simulation, Dept. of Applied Mathematics, University of Twente, P.O.Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

This paper successfully presents the geometry and characteristic dimensions of the two exposure systems: Vitrocell 24/48 and Vitrocell AMES 48. A computational modeling of aerosol transport and deposition shows the deposition efficiency.


 

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11. Mar. 2018

VITROCELL® 6/48: Changeover set for 24-well sized inserts

User Group Meeting 2018

Tobias Krebs

VITROCELL Systems GmbH, 79183 Waldkirch, Germany 

 

The poster shows the VITROCEL® 48 exposure system with a 6- and a 24-well setup.

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11. Mar. 2018

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018

10 March 2018, Grand Hyatt San Antonio, Texas, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2017 in Baltimore, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan and USA reconvened in March 2018.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers. The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 11 – 15, 2018, in San Antonio, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2018.

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1. Mar. 2018

Comparative biological impacts of an aerosol from carbon-heated tobacco and smoke from cigarettes on human respiratory epithelial cultures: A systems toxicology assessment

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2018.02.063
Anita R. Iskandar, Florian Martin, Patrice Leroy, Walter K. Schlage, Carole Mathis, Bjorn Titz, Athanasios Kondylis, Thomas Schneider, Grégory Vuillaume, Alain Sewer, Emmanuel Guedj, Keyur Trivedi, Ashraf Elamin, Stefan Frentzel, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng
PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Part of Philip Morris International group of companies, Quai Jeanrenaud 5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland


Highlights
• Aerosols of a heat-not-burn tobacco product elicited lower impacts compared with smoke of 3R4F reference cigarettes.
• Systems toxicology revealed changes at the cellular–molecular levels not otherwise apparent from morphological features.
• The reduced impact of heated tobacco aerosols on small airway was similar than that on nasal epithelial cultures.

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