Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

28. Oct. 2018

Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology

Manufacturers invest in nonanimal tests to evaluate health risks of e-cigarettes and other next-generation tobacco products

c&en, Volume 96, Issue 43

Britt E. Erickson

The complexity of next-generation tobacco products has increased by a number of factors since FDA was given responsibility to regulate tobacco. Testing e-liquids with animals is not practical, economically and not that accurate. The Vitrocell system generates airborne materials from test products, such as smoke from reference cigarettes and vapor from e-cigarettes, in a manner that simulates how a person would puff. This artcile shows, how IIVS scientists use human donor tissues, obtained from organs, to create cell cultures and in vitro test systems.


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3. May. 2018

Application of a direct aerosol exposure system for the assessment of biological effects of cigarette smoke and novel tobacco product vapor on human bronchial epithelial cultures

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2018.05.004

Shinkichi Ishikawa∗, Kazushi Matsumura, Nobumasa Kitamura, Kanae Ishimori, Yuichiro Takanami, Shigeaki Ito

Scientific Product Assessment Center, R&D Group, Japan Tobacco Inc., 6-2 Umegaoka, Aoba-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 227-8512, Japan

The experimental setup for the aerosol exposure consisted of a VC 10 smoking robot, a dilution system, and a Vitrocell 12/3 glass module the exposure of nicotine and TPM in the mainstream aerosols from 3R4F and novel tobacco vapor on MucilAir™ cells. The results are shown in cytotoxicity, IL-8, IL-1ß and gene expression.


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5. Apr. 2018

A Case Study for the Comparison of In Vitro Data Across Multiple Aerosol Exposure Studies with Extrapolation to Human Dose

DOI: 10.1089/aivt.2017.0042

David Thorne, Emma Bishop, Linsey Haswell, and Marianna Gaca
British American Tobacco Group R&D, Southampton, United Kingdom

This case study has demonstrated that dosimetry techniques using particulate markers can allow in vitro biological data generated on five independent aerosol exposure system studies, under contrasting experimental designs and with different cell types, to be directly compared.

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28. Mar. 2018

Characterization of a Vitrocell VC1 Using Nicotine Dosimetry: An Essential Component Toward Standardized In Vitro Aerosol Exposure of Tobacco and Next Generation Nicotine Delivery Products

DOI: 10.1089/aivt.2018.0001
Holger Behrsing,1 Mario Aragon,1 Jason Adamson,2 Devin Sheehan,1 Marianna Gaca,2 Rodger Curren,1 and Erin Hill1
1Respiratory Toxicology, Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc., Gaithersburg, Maryland.
2R&D, British American Tobacco, Southampton, United Kingdom.

The study shows an assessment of VC1 aerosol generation that was conducted by measuring puff-by-puff in vitro nicotine concentration of 3R4F cigarettes (ISO and HCI regimes), e-cigarette (CRM81 puffing profile), and THP (HCIm regime). The aerosols were applied to in vitro or ex vivo cellular and tissue systems that model the respiratory tract, such as reconstructed human airways (RHuA), which are grown at the air–liquid interface (ALI). Additionally a comparison between the Vitrocell VC1 (U.S. Laboratory) and the VC10 (UK Laboratory) Smoking Robot was done.

 

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15. Mar. 2018

Biological effects of cigarette smoke and novel tobacco product vapor on human organotypic bronchial epithelial cultures analyzed using an in vitro aerosol exposure system

SOT 2018, San Antonio, USA

Shinkichi Ishikawa, Kazushi Matsumura, Nobumasa Kitamura, Kanae Ishimori, Yuichiro Takanami, Shigeaki Ito
Scientific Product Assessment Center, Japan Tobacco Inc., 6-2, Umegaoka, Aoba-Ku, Yokohama, Japan

This Poster shows the exposure of nicotine and TPM in the mainstream aerosols from 3R4F and novel tobacco vapor on MucilAir™ cells using the Vitrocell® exposure system. The results are shown in cytotoxicity, IL-8, IL-1ß and gene expression.

 

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11. Mar. 2018

Characterization of a Vitrocell VC1 Using Nicotine Dosimetry: An Essential Component Towards Standardised In Vitro Aerosol Exposure of Tobacco and Next Generation Nicotine Delivery Products

IIVS at SOT 2018

D. Sheehan1, M. Aragon1, J. Adamson2, M. Gaca2, H. Raabe1, and H. Behrsing1.
1Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD; and 2British American Tobacco, Southampton, United Kingdom.

This study demonstrates successful Vitrocell VC1 aerosol generation and delivery across multiple nicotine product categories (3R4F cigarette smoke, e-liquid and THP), as characterised using nicotine as a dosimetry marker. The data suggests the VC1 can reproducibly generate and deliver tobacco product and NGP aerosols for future in vitro assessment and matches the performance of reported exposure systems.

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11. Mar. 2018

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018

10 March 2018, Grand Hyatt San Antonio, Texas, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2017 in Baltimore, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan and USA reconvened in March 2018.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers. The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 11 – 15, 2018, in San Antonio, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2018.

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11. Mar. 2018

The use of human 3D reconstructed bronchial tissue to study the effects of cigarette smoke and e-cigarette aerosol on a wide range of cellular endpoints

SOT 57th Annual Meeting, 11 –15th March 2018

Lukasz Czekala1, Matthew Stevenson1, Liam Simms1, Nicole Tschierske1, Anna G. Maione2, Tanvir Walele3
1 Imperial Tobacco Ltd, 121 Winterstoke Road, Bristol, BS3 2LL UK
2 MatTek, 200 Homer Ave., Ashland, MA, USA
3 Fontem Ventures B.V., an Imperial Brands PLC Company, Radarweg60, 1043 NT Amsterdam

A 3D in vitro organotypic model of the human respiratory epithelium was cultured at the Air-Liquid Interface (ALI) and exposed to cigarette smoke and e-cigarette aerosol, generated by using a VITROCELL® VC1 smoking machine under Health Canada Intense and CORESTA conditions.
The results are shown in tissue viability (MTT), barrier integrity (TEER), Barrier function, tissue secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8). The presence of 8-isoprostane is used as an indicator of oxidative stress and antioxidant deficiency. Additionally the tissue morphology was assessed by H&E staining and immunofluorescent staining was conducted for specific markers.


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5. Sep. 2017

Role of Smad3 and p38 Signalling in Cigarette Smoke-induced CFTR and BK dysfunction in Primary Human Bronchial Airway Epithelial Cells

DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-11038-x
Juliette Sailland1, Astrid Grosche1,3, Nathalie Baumlin1, John S. Dennis1, Andreas Schmid1, Stefanie Krick1,2 & Matthias Salathe1
1 Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.
2 Division of Pulmonary, Allergy & Critical Care Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.

The aim of the study is to examine the effects of cigarette smoke on voltage dependent K+ channels, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator activity and airway surface liquid volume on primary human bronchial epithelial cells from non-smokers and smokers, cultured at the air-liquid interface to full differentiation.

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27. Jun. 2017

Evaluation of whole cigarette smoke induced oxidative stress in A549 and BEAS–2B cells

DOI:10.1016/j.etap.2017.06.023 

Shimin Zhanga,b, Xiang Lia, Fuwei Xiea, Kejian Liua, Huimin Liua, Jianping Xiea

a Key Laboratory of Tobacco Chemistry, Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC, Zhengzhou 450001, China
b Technique Center of Tobacco Production, PingDingshanTobacco Company of Henan Tobacco Monopoly Bureau, PingDingshan 467000, China

The purpose of this study is to evaluate oxidative stress induced by whole cigarette smoke based on the air-liquid interface exposure system. The cytotoxicity of whole smoke were measured by MTT and NRU assays, and several intracellular and extracellular oxidative stress biomarkers such as GSH and GSSG, MDA, HNE, EC-SOD and 8-OHdG were investigated in A549 and BEAS–2B cells.

 

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