Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

27. Jun. 2017

Evaluation of whole cigarette smoke induced oxidative stress in A549 and BEAS–2B cells

DOI:10.1016/j.etap.2017.06.023 

Shimin Zhanga,b, Xiang Lia, Fuwei Xiea, Kejian Liua, Huimin Liua, Jianping Xiea

a Key Laboratory of Tobacco Chemistry, Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC, Zhengzhou 450001, China
b Technique Center of Tobacco Production, PingDingshanTobacco Company of Henan Tobacco Monopoly Bureau, PingDingshan 467000, China

The purpose of this study is to evaluate oxidative stress induced by whole cigarette smoke based on the air-liquid interface exposure system. The cytotoxicity of whole smoke were measured by MTT and NRU assays, and several intracellular and extracellular oxidative stress biomarkers such as GSH and GSSG, MDA, HNE, EC-SOD and 8-OHdG were investigated in A549 and BEAS–2B cells.

 

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15. Mar. 2017

New Products 2017 presented at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting

10 March 2017, Hilton Baltimore Inner Harbor Hotel, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2016 in New Orleans, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan, Korea and USA reconvened in March 2017.

The meeting offered an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange experiences in working with VITROCELL® devices and to meet fellow researchers. It was held prior to the International Society of Toxicology 56th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo – one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major European and German research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2017.

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31. Jan. 2017

Nicotine Quantification In Vitro: A Consistent Dosimetry Marker for e-Cigarette Aerosol and Cigarette Smoke Generation

DOI: 10.1089/aivt.2016.0025

Jason Adamson1,* Xiang Li2,* Huapeng Cui2, David Thorne1, Fuwei Xie2, and Marianna Gaca1
1British American Tobacco, R&D, Southampton, United Kingdom.
2Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of China National Tobacco Corporation, Zhengzhou, PR China.
*Joint first authors.

A VC 10 Smoking Robot was designated to look at the generated aerosol nicotine concentration from different e-cigarettes compared with the 3R4F reference cigarette in two different laboratories. The aerosol was trapped and the nicotine concentration was analysed by different kinds of mass spectometry.
Nicotine assessment across the tested e-cigarette categories showed consistent delivery of nicotine per puff within products and that the method was sensitive enough to detect different levels of nicotine across products. Good overlap in nicotine results were obtained in the two different laboratories.

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3. Jan. 2017

Development, qualification, validation and application of the neutral red uptake assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells using a VITROCELL® VC10® smoke exposure system

Wanda Fields a, Kathy Fowler a, Victoria Hargreaves b, Lesley Reeve b, Betsy Bombick a
a RAI Services Company, Scientific & Regulatory Affairs, 401 North Main Street,Winston-Salem, NC 27101, USA
b Covance Laboratories Ltd., Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG1 3PY, UK

This study discribes the development, validation and application of the NRU assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, following exposure to fresh whole smoke generated with the VITROCELL®VC10®system. The VITROCELL® VC10® successfully provided consistent generation and delivery of whole smoke from a cigarette (3R4F) and a primarily “heat-not-burn” cigarette (Eclipse).

 

 

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7. Dec. 2016

The comparative in vitro assessment of e-cigarette and cigarette smoke aerosols using the gH2AX assay and applied dose measurements

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2016.12.006

David Thorne, Sophie Larard, Andrew Baxter, Clive Meredith, Marianna Gaҫa

British American Tobacco, R&D Centre, Southampton, Hampshire, SO15 8TL, UK

 

H I G H L I G H T S
Cigarette smoke generates a dose dependent increase in double strand breaks.
E-cigarette aerosols did not generate any increases in double strand breaks above control levels.
E-cigarette exposures were approximately 28-fold greater than that of cigarette smoke exposures.
In vitro dosimetry ensures accurate interpretation of the data, and confirms delivery of test agent.

In vitro dosimetry allows cross-product, study and system comparisons.

 

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31. Oct. 2016

Glutathione Peroxidase-1 Suppresses the Unfolded Protein Response upon Cigarette Smoke Exposure

doi: 10.1155/2016/9461289
Patrick Geraghty,1,2 Nathalie Baumlin,3 Matthias A. Salathe,3 Robert F. Foronjy,1,2 and Jeanine M. D’Armiento4
1Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
2Department of Cell Biology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
3Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
4Center for Pulmonary Disease, Department of Anesthesiology, College of Physicians and Surgeons,Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

 

The Expression of ER stress markers after exposure to cigarette smoke was investigated in fully differentiated normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells isolated from nonsmoking, smoking, and COPD donors and redifferentiated at the air liquid interface.

 

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9. Oct. 2016

The mutagenic assessment of electronic-cigarettes and tobacco smoke using the Ames assay in strains TA98 and TA100

CORESTA Congress 2016. 9-13 October 2016 - Berlin, Germany

CORESTA Congress, 9-13th October 2016, Germany
Poster No:STPOST34

 

Thorne, D1., Crooks, I1., Hollings, M2., Seymour, A2., Meredith, C1., Gaa, M1.

1 British American Tobacco, R&D Centre, Southampton, SO15 8TL, UK

2 Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK.

 

The Aim of this study was to assess the mutagenicity of an e-cigarette aerosol, compared to cigarette smoke in tester strains TA98 and TA100 using two different exposure matrices, TPM/eTPM (or ACM – aerosol collected matter) and whole aerosol. A Vitrocell® VC 10 Smoking Robot was used to generate aerosol streams from a traditional reference cigarette (3R4F) and e-cigarette (Vype® ePen). 

 

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9. Oct. 2016

5 out of 7 Tobacco Companies have chosen VITROCELL® for research on combustion and e-cigarettes: A review of aerosol exposure systems relative to the analysis of cytotoxicity

CORESTA Congress 2016. 9-13 October 2016 - Berlin, Germany

CORESTA Congress, 9-13th October 2016, Germany

Poster No:STPOST26

 

David Thorne1, Roman Wieczorek2,Toshiro Fukushima3, Han-Jae Shin4, Robert Leverette5, Mark Ballantyne6, Xiang Li 7, Betsy Bombick5

1 British American Tobacco, Group R&D, Southampton, Hampshire, SO15 8TL, UK;
2 Imperial Brands PLC Company, Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 7, 22761 Hamburg, Germany;
3 Japan Tobacco Inc, Scientific Product Assessment Centre, 6-2 Umegaoka, Aoba-ku Yokohama, Kanagawa 227-8512, Japan;
4 Korean Tobacco & Ginseng Corporation, 30 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-805, Republic of Korea;
5 RAI Services Company, 401North Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27101, USA;
6 Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate HG3 1PY, UK;
7 Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of China National Tobacco Corporation, No.2 Fengyang Street, High-tech Zone, Zhengzhou, PR China

 

Cytotoxicity data (NRU and MTT) from Kentucky reference 3R4F cigarette smoke were assessed on Balb/C 3T3, CHO-K1, A549, Beas-2B, NCI-H292 and HepG2 cell lines on the Vitrocell Exposure System.

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30. Apr. 2016

Assessing the mutagenic activities of smoke from different cigarettes in direct exposure experiments using the modified Ames Salmonella assay

Shinkichi Ishikawa, Yuki Kanemaru, Hidenori Nara, Kazuo Erami, Yasufumi Nagata

Scientific Product Assessment Center, R&D Group, Japan Tobacco Inc., 6-2 Umegaoka, Aoba-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 227-8512, Japan

 

This article shows the successful exposition exposure of cigarette smoke on two different Ames bacteria strains by using the Vitrocell exposure system including the VC10 smoking robot. Conventional 1 mg tar commercial cigarettes (CC1), 1R5F reference cigarettes (University of Kentucky,Lexington, KY, USA), and 3R4F reference cigarettes (University of Kentucky) were compared with a prototype heated cigarette (HC).

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31. Oct. 2015

Roflumilast partially reverses smoke-induced mucociliary dysfunction

DOI 10.1186/s12931-015-0294-3

Andreas Schmid, Nathalie Baumlin, Pedro Ivonnet, John S. Dennis, Michael Campos, Stefanie Krick and Matthias Salathe*

* Correspondence: msalathe@med.miami.edu
Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1600 NW 10th Ave, RMSB #7058, Miami, FL 33136, USA

 

Primary normal human bronchial epithelial cells (NHBE) from non-smokers, cultured at the air-liquid interface (ALI), were exposed to cigarette smoke in a Vitrocell VC-10 smoking robot. The results show that roflumilast can rescue smoke-induced mucociliary dysfunction.Therefor the ELIZA Assay and qPCR were used.

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