Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

11. Nov. 2020

Exposure of cellulose nanocrystals on human lung cells at the air-liquid-interface

Best poster prize award at the Euro 2020 OpenTox Virtual Conference on September 21-25, 2020.

Michelle Hesler1, Annika Kittel1, Stephan Dähnhardt-Pfeiffer2, Christoph Metzger3, Christine Herrmann3, Marielle Fink4, Heiko Briesen3, Tobias Krebs4, Hagen von Briesen1, Sylvia Wagner1, Yvonne Kohl1
1 Fraunhofer Institut für Biomedizinische Technik IBMT, Sulzbach, Germany, 
2 Microscopy Services Dähnhardt GmbH, Flintbek, Germany, 
3 Lehrstuhl für Systemverfahrenstechnik, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany, 
4 VITROCELL Systems GmbH, Fabrik Sonntag 3, Waldkirch, Germany

 

- In vitro aerosol exposure studies were performed with an air-liquid-interface (ALI)-lung model consisting of A549 (epithelial cells), EA.hy926 (endothelial cells) and THP-1 (macrophages) cells.
- Two different types of CNC extracted from α-cellulose (CNC-W) and pulp (CNC-G) by sulfuric acid hydrolysis were studied in a concentration of 100 μg/ml applied as aerosols with VITROCELL® Cloud system.
- Single and multiple exposure with and without a 24 h regeneration phase were compared.
- Endpoints of the study: Cell viability, ROS generation and DNA damage.

 

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2. Nov. 2020

Influence of the environmental relative humidity on the inflammatory response of skin model after exposure to various environmental pollutants

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.110350

Emeline Seurat a, Anthony Verdin b, Fabrice Cazier c, Dominique Courcot b, Richard Fitoussi d, Katell Vi´e d, Val´erie Desauziers e, Isabelle Momas a, Nathalie Seta a, Sophie Achard a
a Laboratoire de Sant´e Publique et Environnement, Hera “Health Environmental Risk Assessment”, Inserm UMR1153-CRESS (Centre de Recherche en Epid´emiologie et StatistiqueS), Universit´e de Paris, Facult´e de Pharmacie de Paris, 4, Avenue de L’Observatoire, 75006, Paris, France
b Unit´e de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant UR4492, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Maison de La Recherche en Environnement Industriel 2, Universit´e Du Littoral Cˆote D’Opale, 189A Avenue Maurice Schumann, 59140, Dunkerque, France
c Centre Commun de Mesures (CCM), Universit´e Du Littoral-Cˆote D’Opale, 145 Avenue Maurice Schumann, 5914, Dunkerque, France
d Laboratoires Clarins, 5 Rue Amp`ere, 95300, Pontoise, France
e IPREM, IMT Mines Ales, Universit´e de Pau et des Pays de L’Adour, E2S UPPA, CNRS, Pau, France

 

In the course of this study, they tested various pollutants with different chemical compositions, applying them to the apical side of Reconstructed Human Epidermis and being particularly interested in the effect relative humidity has on the reaction to pollutants. Investigating several cytokines and chemokines, they showed that IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8, and RANTES are the cytokines/chemokines almost systematically induced by most pollutants.

 

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21. Oct. 2020

New Video: VITROCELL Cloud α – for Aerosol Research and Cell Exposure at the Air/Liquid Interface (ALI)

Cell exposure system for virus research, testing of inhaled drugs, chemicals and nanoparticles at the Air/Liquid Interface (ALI).

The VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha series is our newest innovation and presents a great leap forward in automated exposure of cell cultures. It combines reliable exposure of cell cultures from the respiratory tract with ease of use. This series is our new take on the well-known and frequently published VITROCELL® Cloud systems (6-, 12- and 24-well). Its functionality enables fully automated processes with an all-in-one control unit. Everyday experiments at the air/liquid interface have never been easier. The Cloud system is suitable for nebulization of solutions and suspensions. Possible fields of application are screening of inhaled drugs, virus research toxicity testing of inhaled substances such as chemicals or nanoparticles.

In response to the scientific need to expose in physiologically relevant conditions, the VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha exposure devices have been specifically designed to enable direct exposure of mammalian cells or tissue at the Air/Liquid Interface. Here the cell cultures are not covered with media as opposed to submerged conditions which cause an undesired inter­action of the formerly airborne substances with the culture media.

The video explains the procedures of the experiment.

 

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28. Sep. 2020

NanoCELL - Comprehensive characterization and human toxicological assessment of cellulose nanocrystals along their life cycle for reliable risk assessment

Yvonne Kohl1, Roland Drexel2, Christine Herrmann3, Stephan Dähnhardt-Pfeiffer4, Siegfried Fürtauer5, Michelle Hesler1, Christoph Metzger3, Marielle Fink6, Dominik Selzer7, Thorsten Lehr7, Tobias Krebs6, Sven van Lengen8, Sylvia Wagner1, Hagen von Briesen1, Felix Grimm9, Petra Weißhaupt10, Heiko Briesen3, Florian Meier2


1Fraunhofer-Institut für Biomedizinische Technik IBMT, Sulzbach, Germany; 
2Postnova Analytics GmbH, Landsberg, Germany, 
3Technische Universität München, Lehrstuhl für Systemverfahrenstechnik, Freising, Germany 
4Microscopy Services Dähnhardt GmbH, Flintbek, Germany
5Fraunhofer-Institut für Verfahrenstechnik und Verpackung IVV, Freising, Germany
6VITROCELL Systems GmbH, Waldkirch, Germany
7Universität des Saarlands, Klinische Pharmazie, Saarbrücken, Germany 
8GRÜNPERGA Papier GmbH, Grünhainichen, Germany 
9INFIANA Germany GmbH & Co. KG, Forchheim, Germany
10Umweltbundesamt, Dessau-Roßlau, Germany

 

This poster shows the hazard studies on the effect of oral and pulmonary CNC uptake. Therefore a miniaturized cloud exposure system has been developed to create an in vitro model simulating the lung and the GI tract.

 

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18. Sep. 2020

VITROCELL® Shisha Testing System for Cell Cultures

For in vitro testing of water pipe tobacco at the air / liquid interface

New designs of electronic cigarettes such as ENDS (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) products or HTP (Heated Tobacco Products) lead to a large variety of different shapes which make the insertion into conventional holders with labyrinth seals impossible. VITROCELL® has developed a new holder system which is flexible to adjust to different shapes.

VITROCELL Application Note

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16. Sep. 2020

Quartz crystal microbalances (QCM) are suitable for real-time dosimetry in nanotoxicological studies using VITROCELL®Cloud cell exposure systems

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-020-00376-w


Yaobo Ding1,2 , Patrick Weindl1,2,3, Anke-Gabriele Lenz1,2, Paula Mayer1,2, Tobias Krebs3 and Otmar Schmid1,2
1Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, Helmholtz Zentrum München, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
2Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Munich (CPC-M) - Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 81377 Munich, Germany
3VITROCELL Systems GmbH, 79183 Waldkirch, Germany.

 

This study provides evidence that QCMs are suitable for real-time dosimetry in particle toxicology studies with cell cultures under air-liquid interface conditions. An experimental method for determination of LoD (lower limit of detection), accuracy and precision of QCMs using a fluorescent tracer (fluorescein salt) was presented and applied to the QCMs integrated in the VITROCELL® Cloud 6 and Cloud 12 aerosol-cell exposure systems.

 

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24. Aug. 2020

Product News 08/2020

VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha 96

96-well Air/Liquid Interface (ALI) exposure. For reliable high throughput testing of cell cultures.

The VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha 96 is our newest innovation and presents a great leap forward in automated exposure of cell cultures. It combines high throughput testing with ease of use. The development is based on the well-known and frequently published VITROCELL® Cloud formats (6-, 12- and 24-well). It’s functionality enables fully automated processes with an all-in-one control unit. Everyday experiments at the air/liquid interface have never been easier.

VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha 96

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27. Jul. 2020

Vitrocell® holder systems for e-cigarettes

Secure and tight connection of any device to the smoking machine.

New designs of electronic cigarettes such as ENDS (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) products or HTP (Heated Tobacco Products) lead to a large variety of different shapes which make the insertion into conventional holders with labyrinth seals impossible. VITROCELL® has developed a new holder system which is flexible to adjust to different shapes.

VITROCELL Application Note

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27. Jul. 2020

An In Vitro Lung System to Assess the Proinflammatory Hazard of Carbon Nanotube Aerosols

doi:10.3390/ijms21155335


Hana Barosova 1,2 , Bedia Begum Karakocak 1 , Dedy Septiadi 1 , Alke Petri-Fink 1,3, Vicki Stone 4 and Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser 1,
1 BioNanomaterials Group, Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, 
2 Institute of Experimental Medicine of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 142 20 Prague, Czech Republic
3 Department of Chemistry, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
4 Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK


The in vitro co-culture model consisting of three human cell lines were exposed at the ALI using the VITROCELL® Cloud system, equiped with QCM allowing to measure and record the deposited dose online. The nebulizer was ideal for the aerosols to suffciently mix within the entire chamber, hence resulting in uniform droplet deposition. This study shows, that this model is not limited to testing potentially hazardous nanomaterials to human cell line co-culture models.

 

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26. Jul. 2020

Comparative toxicity of ultrafine particles around a major airport in human bronchial epithelial (Calu-3) cell model at the air–liquid interface

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2020.104950

Authors

Rui-WenHeab, Miriam E.Gerlofs-Nijlanda, JohnBoerea, PaulFokkensa, DaanLesemana, Nicole A.H.Janssena, Flemming R.Casseeab
a National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), P.O. Box, 3720, BA, Bilthoven, the Netherlands
b Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80178, 3508, TD, Utrecht, the Netherland

 

Highlights

  • Airport and road traffic UFPs can activate inflammation in Calu-3 cells.
  • Airport UFPs exert similar toxicity compared to UFPs from road traffic emission.
  • ALI condition promotes cellular responses to particles at low exposed dose.

 

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