Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

29. Sep. 2020

Invited review: human air-liquid-interface organotypic airway tissue models derived from primary tracheobronchial epithelial cells—overview and perspectives

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11626-020-00517-7


Xuefei Cao1, Jayme P. Coyle2, Rui Xiong1, Yiying Wang1, Robert H. Heflich1, Baiping Ren1, William M. Gwinn3, Patrick Hayden4, Liying Rojanasakul2

1 Division of Genetic and Molecular Toxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, US Food and Drug Administration, 3900 NCTR Rd., AR Jefferson, USA
2 Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers forDisease Control and Prevention,Morgantown,WV, USA
3 Division of the National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Durham, NC, USA
4 BioSurfaces Inc., Ashland, MA, USA


One important element for validating any new assay for making regulatory decisions is determining its performance relative to an accepted standard. Conducting in vivo inhalation toxicity studies using whole-body or nose-only exposure systems is expensive and time-consuming and typically requires a large number of animals. The goal of using alternative methods, like human in vitro ALI airway cultures, ultimately is to replace inhalation toxicity testing in animals with in vitro approaches. Transition from animal- to human-based models is ultimately expected to lead to faster and better predictive toxicity assessments and therapeutic development at lower cost.  This study shows the development and validation of alternative in vitro methods for acute toxicity testing, including acute inhalation toxicity testing.
 

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15. Aug. 2020

Development of an in vitro approach to point-of-contact inhalation toxicity testing of volatile compounds, using organotypic culture and air-liquid interface exposure

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2020.104968

Artik Mistry, Larry E. Bowen, Michael W. Dzierlenga, Jessica K. Hartman, Scott D. Slattery
ScitoVation, LLC, Durham, NC 27713, United States
 

In this project, an incremental approach to assay development, taking small steps that built understanding of the biology and confidence in the methods were taken to attempted. Focused on general cell health assays (viability,cytotoxicity, TEER), as well as a mechanism-of-action-specific assay (GSH depletion), we found all assays to be sufficiently sensitive over the full range of possible values for both cell culture models (BEAS-2B cell and EpiAirway cultures)
 

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27. Nov. 2019

State-of-the-art methods and devices for the generation, exposure, and collection of aerosols from heat-notburn tobacco products

Stéphanie Boué1, Didier Goedertier1, Julia Hoeng1 , Arkadiusz Kuczaj1, Shoaib Majeed1, Carole Mathis1, Anne May2 , Blaine Phillips3, Manuel C Peitsch1, Falk Radtke1, Walter K Schlage4, Wei Teck Tan3 and Patrick Vanscheeuwijck1

1 Philip Morris International (PMI) Research & Development, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchâtel, Switzerland
2 Consultants in Science, Epalinges, Switzerland
3 Philip Morris International (PMI) Research & Development, Philip Morris International Research Laboratories Pte. Ltd, Science Park II, Singapore
4 Biology Consultant, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany

 

The VC 24/48 exposure system is being validated for the exposure process of three-dimensional, organotypic cell culture inserts with CS and with aerosols generated from HNB tobacco products and e-liquids.
They aerosol deposition of different CS concentrations as determined by three different approaches were assessed and compared : (1) a WST-1 colorimetric assay; (2) the determination of eight carbonyls trapped in PBS; and (3) QCM-determined particle mass deposition.

 

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10. Mar. 2019

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2019

09 March 2019, Hilton Inner Harbour Hotel, Baltimore, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, international scientists from Europe, Japan, Korea and USA reconvened in March 2019.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers.
The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 58th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 10 – 14, 2018, in Baltimore, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2019.

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11. Mar. 2018

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018

10 March 2018, Grand Hyatt San Antonio, Texas, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2017 in Baltimore, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan and USA reconvened in March 2018.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers. The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 11 – 15, 2018, in San Antonio, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2018.

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10. Sep. 2017

On-Line Aerosol Characterization within Exposure Systems Using Soft Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectroscopy

Eurotox 2017

Sandro Steiner, Shoaib Majeed, Arkadiusz Kuczaj, Julia Hoeng, Stefan Frentzel
Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A. (part of Philip Morris International group of companies)

Establishment of a setup for sampling and analyzing complex aerosols on-line during exposures with the Vitrocell 24/48 aerosol exposure system.
The poster was presented at Eurotox 2017, http://www.eurotox2017.com

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15. Mar. 2017

New Products 2017 presented at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting

10 March 2017, Hilton Baltimore Inner Harbor Hotel, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2016 in New Orleans, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan, Korea and USA reconvened in March 2017.

The meeting offered an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange experiences in working with VITROCELL® devices and to meet fellow researchers. It was held prior to the International Society of Toxicology 56th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo – one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major European and German research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2017.

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