Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

27. Jul. 2020

Vitrocell® holder systems for e-cigarettes

Secure and tight connection of any device to the smoking machine.

New designs of electronic cigarettes such as ENDS (Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) products or HTP (Heated Tobacco Products) lead to a large variety of different shapes which make the insertion into conventional holders with labyrinth seals impossible. VITROCELL® has developed a new holder system which is flexible to adjust to different shapes.

VITROCELL Application Note

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24. Feb. 2020

In vitro advances in whole aerosol approaches for e-cigarette testing

IIVS Workshop 3, Feb 24-26th 2020

Autor

David Thorne, British American Tobacco

 

Workshop series to identify, discuss and develop recommendations for the optimal generation and use of in vitro data for product regulation.

 

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27. Nov. 2019

State-of-the-art methods and devices for the generation, exposure, and collection of aerosols from heat-notburn tobacco products

Stéphanie Boué1, Didier Goedertier1, Julia Hoeng1 , Arkadiusz Kuczaj1, Shoaib Majeed1, Carole Mathis1, Anne May2 , Blaine Phillips3, Manuel C Peitsch1, Falk Radtke1, Walter K Schlage4, Wei Teck Tan3 and Patrick Vanscheeuwijck1

1 Philip Morris International (PMI) Research & Development, Philip Morris Products S.A., Neuchâtel, Switzerland
2 Consultants in Science, Epalinges, Switzerland
3 Philip Morris International (PMI) Research & Development, Philip Morris International Research Laboratories Pte. Ltd, Science Park II, Singapore
4 Biology Consultant, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany

 

The VC 24/48 exposure system is being validated for the exposure process of three-dimensional, organotypic cell culture inserts with CS and with aerosols generated from HNB tobacco products and e-liquids.
They aerosol deposition of different CS concentrations as determined by three different approaches were assessed and compared : (1) a WST-1 colorimetric assay; (2) the determination of eight carbonyls trapped in PBS; and (3) QCM-determined particle mass deposition.

 

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1. Nov. 2019

Electronic Cigarette Vapor With Nicotine Causes Airway Mucociliary Dysfunction Preferentially via TRPA1 Receptors

DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201811-2087OC


Samuel Chung 1 2, Nathalie Baumlin 1 2, John S Dennis 1 2, Robert Moore 2, Sebastian F Salathe 2, Phillip L Whitney 2, Juan Sabater 3, William M Abraham 3, Michael D Kim 1 2, Matthias Salathe 1 2
1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas.
2Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida; and.
3Department of Research, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, Florida.
 

The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a molecular target for vape effects due to its expression in airway epithelia and its reported gating by nicotine, reactive oxidants, and flavors, especially cinnamaldehyde. To test whether nicotine had effects independent of other e-cig vapor constituents, the Vitrocell® CLOUD exposure system was utilized to nebulize fixed nicotine doses onto the apical surface of ALI cultures. A549 cell cultures were exposed to nicotine containing e-cig vapor, produced by the VC-1 smoke exposure robot, in the air-liquid interface.

 

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25. Oct. 2019

New holder for ENDS products for VITROCELL® Smoking Machines and Robots

User Group Meeting 2019

Bastian Gutmann, Tobias Krebs
VITROCELL Systems GmbH 79183 Waldkirch, Germany

The poster shows the new holder for ENDS products

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7. Sep. 2019

Application of a multi‑layer systems toxicology framework for in vitro assessment of the biological effects of Classic Tobacco e‑liquid and its corresponding aerosol using an e‑cigarette device

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-019-02565-9


Anita R. Iskandar, Filippo Zanetti, Diego Marescotti, Bjorn Titz, Alain Sewer, Athanasios Kondylis, Patrice Leroy, Vincenzo Belcastro, Laura Ortega Torres, Stefano Acali, Shoaib Majeed, Sandro Steiner, Keyur Trivedi, Emmanuel Guedj, Celine Merg, Thomas Schneider, Stefan Frentzel, Florian Martin, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng


Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland

Previous experimental setups shows the effects of e-liquids on cell viability (first layer), followed by investigating the potential mechanisms of toxicity elicited by e-liquids (second layer) and finally assessing the impacts of aerosols (third layer). In this present work shows how the three-layer framework is leveraged to evaluate the potential toxicity and biological effects of the MESH Classic Tobacco and Base e-liquids/aerosols compared with those of 3R4F CS.

 

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11. Aug. 2019

Exposure to aerosols from electronic cigarettes using the MESH™ technology has a reduced biological impact on bronchial epithelial cell cultures compared with exposure to cigarette smoke

Gordon Research Conference, Integration of Emerging Technologies in Mechanistic and Translational Toxicology,Andover, August 11–16, 2019

Albert Giralt, Florian Martin, Anita R. Iskandar, Alain Sewer, Laura Ortega Torres, AthanasiosKondylis, Patrice Leroy, Celine Merg, ShoaibMajeed, Emmanuel Guedj, Thomas Schneider, KeyurTrivedi, Stefan Frentzel, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng


PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
 

In contrast to 3R4F CS exposure, exposure to IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosols did not cause tissue damage or have an impact on ciliary beating functionality in bronchial epithelial cell cultures despite resulting in greater concentrations of deposited nicotine. Cultures exposed to IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosols showed fewer changes in proteins involved in xenobiotic metabolism than those exposed to CS.

 

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10. Mar. 2019

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2019

09 March 2019, Hilton Inner Harbour Hotel, Baltimore, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, international scientists from Europe, Japan, Korea and USA reconvened in March 2019.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers.
The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 58th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 10 – 14, 2018, in Baltimore, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2019.

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10. Mar. 2019

Exposure to an aerosol from a novel electronic cigarette using the MESH™ technology elicited reduced biological impacts than exposure to cigarette smoke on buccal and small airway epithelial cultures

Society of Toxicology, Annual Meeting 2019, Baltimore, MD, USA | 10-14 March

Anita R. Iskandar, Filippo Zanetti, Athanasios Kondylis, Florian Martin, Alain Sewer, Laura Ortega Torres, Shoaib Majeed, Sandro Steiner, Emmanuel Guedj, Celine Merg, Thomas Schneider, Keyur Trivedi, Stefan Frentzel, Nikolai V. Ivanov, Manuel C. Peitsch, Julia Hoeng


PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland

 

The impacts of an acute exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) and to aerosol from a novel electronic cigarette (EC) device using MESH™ technology were assessed using human organotypic buccal epithelial cultures and small airway epithelial cultures. A paired design was implemented: in parallel to the exposure to CS or EC aerosol, cultures were also exposed to air in the same exposure module. Tissue damage was not seen in cultures exposed to the IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosol despite resulting in greater concentrations of deposited nicotine. In buccal cultures, CS and IQOS MESH™ Classic Tobacco aerosol elicited different infammatory response.

 

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5. Mar. 2019

A lower impact of an acute exposure to electronic cigarette aerosols than to cigarette smoke in human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures was demonstrated using systems toxicology assessment

DOI:10.1007/s11739-019-02055-x
Filippo Zanetti1, Athanasios Kondylis1, Florian Martin1, Patrice Leroy1, Shoaib Majeed1, Sandro Steiner1, Yang Xiang1, Laura Ortega Torres1, Keyur Trivedi1, Emmanuel Guedj1, Celine Merg1, Stefan Frentzel1, Nikolai V. Ivanov1, Utkarsh Doshi2, Kyeonghee Monica Lee2, Willie J. McKinneyJr2, Manuel C. Peitsch1, Julia Hoeng1

1 Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A.NeuchâtelSwitzerland
2 Altria Client Services LLCRichmondUSA

Human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures were exposed in two independent exposure systems (Vitrocell® 24/48), one for 3R4F reference cigarette smoke and the other for e-cigarette aerosol exposures to summarize the exposure-induced impacts into four main cellular processes: the cell fate, cell proliferation, cell stress, and inflammatory process.

 

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