Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

30. Jun. 2018

Characterization and modeling of aerosol deposition in Vitrocell® exposure systems - exposure well chamber deposition efficiency

DOI 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2018.06.015

 

Francesco Luccia, Nicolas D. Castrob, Ali A. Rostamib, Michael J. Oldhamb, Julia Hoenga, Yezdi B. Pithawallab, Arkadiusz K. Kuczajac

a Philip Morris International Research & Development, Philip Morris Products S.A. (part of Philip Morris International group of companies), Quai Jeanrenaud 5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
b Altria Client Services LLC, Center for Research and Technology, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
c Multiscale Modeling & Simulation, Dept. of Applied Mathematics, University of Twente, P.O.Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

This paper successfully presents the geometry and characteristic dimensions of the two exposure systems: Vitrocell 24/48 and Vitrocell AMES 48. A computational modeling of aerosol transport and deposition shows the deposition efficiency.


 

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12. Apr. 2018

Development, qualification, validation and application of the Ames test using a VITROCELL® VC10® smoke exposure system

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxrep.2018.04.003

Kathy Fowlera, Wanda Fieldsa, Victoria Hargreavesb, Lesley Reeveb, Betsy Bombicka,
a RAI Services Company, Scientific & Regulatory Affairs, 401 North Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27101, USA2
b Covance Laboratories Ltd., North Yorkshire, UK

The article shows the successfull qualification of the Vitrocell VC10 smoking robot. The robot was used to  expose bacterial cells to cigarette whole smoke generated from 3R4F reference cigarettes and Eclipse cigarettes. A comparison was made between whole smoke from a tobacco heating and a combustible cigarette.

 

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11. Mar. 2018

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018

10 March 2018, Grand Hyatt San Antonio, Texas, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2017 in Baltimore, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan and USA reconvened in March 2018.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers. The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 11 – 15, 2018, in San Antonio, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2018.

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18. Jan. 2018

Extreme testing of undiluted e-cigarette aerosol in vitro using an Ames air-agar-interface technique

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2018.01.008

D. Thornea, M. Hollingsb, A. Seymourb, J. Adamsona, A. Dalrymplea, M. Ballantyneb, M. Gacaa

a British American Tobacco, R&D, Southampton, Hampshire, SO15 8TL, UK
b Covance Laboratories Ltd., Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK

This study investigated the in vitro mutagenicity of e-cigarettes and designed a study to deliver e-cigarette aerosol on an undiluted per puff basis under extreme testing conditions, using the Ames assay across a broader range of bacterial tester strains. The Vitrocell VC 10 smoking robot, previously used to generate and dilute cigarette smoke aerosols was modified to enable the testing of an undiluted e-cigarette aerosol.

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15. Mar. 2017

New Products 2017 presented at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting

10 March 2017, Hilton Baltimore Inner Harbor Hotel, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2016 in New Orleans, international scientists from Canada, Europe, Japan, Korea and USA reconvened in March 2017.

The meeting offered an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange experiences in working with VITROCELL® devices and to meet fellow researchers. It was held prior to the International Society of Toxicology 56th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo – one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major European and German research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2017.

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9. Oct. 2016

The mutagenic assessment of electronic-cigarettes and tobacco smoke using the Ames assay in strains TA98 and TA100

CORESTA Congress 2016. 9-13 October 2016 - Berlin, Germany

CORESTA Congress, 9-13th October 2016, Germany
Poster No:STPOST34

 

Thorne, D1., Crooks, I1., Hollings, M2., Seymour, A2., Meredith, C1., Gaa, M1.

1 British American Tobacco, R&D Centre, Southampton, SO15 8TL, UK

2 Covance Laboratories Ltd, Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK.

 

The Aim of this study was to assess the mutagenicity of an e-cigarette aerosol, compared to cigarette smoke in tester strains TA98 and TA100 using two different exposure matrices, TPM/eTPM (or ACM – aerosol collected matter) and whole aerosol. A Vitrocell® VC 10 Smoking Robot was used to generate aerosol streams from a traditional reference cigarette (3R4F) and e-cigarette (Vype® ePen). 

 

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30. Apr. 2016

Assessing the mutagenic activities of smoke from different cigarettes in direct exposure experiments using the modified Ames Salmonella assay

Shinkichi Ishikawa, Yuki Kanemaru, Hidenori Nara, Kazuo Erami, Yasufumi Nagata

Scientific Product Assessment Center, R&D Group, Japan Tobacco Inc., 6-2 Umegaoka, Aoba-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 227-8512, Japan

 

This article shows the successful exposition exposure of cigarette smoke on two different Ames bacteria strains by using the Vitrocell exposure system including the VC10 smoking robot. Conventional 1 mg tar commercial cigarettes (CC1), 1R5F reference cigarettes (University of Kentucky,Lexington, KY, USA), and 3R4F reference cigarettes (University of Kentucky) were compared with a prototype heated cigarette (HC).

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20. Mar. 2016

VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2016

11 March 2016, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, USA prior to the Society of Toxicology 55th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo

After a successful User Group Meeting 2015 in the EUROPA-PARK in Germany, International scientists from Europe, Japan and USA followed the invitation of VITROCELL® Systems to the 2016 User Group Meeting.

It offered an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange experiences in working with VITROCELL® devices and to meet fellow researchers. The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 55th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo – one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

The focus of the event was to present new routes dosimetry, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major European research programs related to nanoparticles as well as the presentation of new products for 2016.

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5. Mar. 2015

The mutagenic assessment of mainstream cigarette smoke using the Ames assay: A multi-strain approach

Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis

doi:10.1016/j.mrgentox.2015.03.006

Authors
David Thornea, Joanne Kilfordb, Michael Hollingsb, Annette Dalrymplea, Mark Ballantyneb, Clive Mereditha, Deborah Dillona

a British American Tobacco, Group R&D, Southampton, Hampshire SO15 8TL, UK
b Covance Laboratories Ltd., Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK

 

Wholesmoke Exposure with the VITROCELL® smoking robot VC 10® and the quartz crystal microbalance technology for maintaining the standard Ames Assay

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15. Jul. 2014

A method for assessment of the genotoxicity of mainstream cigarette-smoke by use of the bacterial reverse-mutation assay and an aerosol-based exposure system

Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis

Volume 769, 15 July 2014, Pages 20–28, [epub ahead of print]

Authors
Joanne Kilforda, David Thorneb, Rebecca Paynea, Annette Dalrympleb, Julie Clementsa, Clive Meredithb, Debbie Dillonb

a Covance Laboratories Ltd., Otley Road, Harrogate, North Yorkshire HG3 1PY, UK
b British American Tobacco, Group R&D, Southampton, Hampshire SO15 8TL, UK

Successfull modifikation of the Ames assay for the testing of a mainstream cigarette smoke aerosol that is generated with a VC 10® exposure system. The reproducebility of the response on a second VC 10® system is shown.

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