Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

22. May. 2017

Regulating temperature and relative humidity in air–liquid interface in vitro systems eliminates cytotoxicity resulting from control air exposures

DOI: 10.1039/c7tx00109f
Jose Zavala,a Rebecca Greenan,b Q. Todd Krantz,a David M. DeMarini,a Mark Higuchi,a M. Ian Gilmour a and Paul A. Whiteb

aNHEERL, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA.
bMechanistic Studies Division, Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9, Canada.


The aim of this study was to test whether temperature and relative humidity has an influence on the cytotoxicity to BEAS-2B cells on a VITROCELL® 6 air-liquid interface system by measuring the viability (WST-1 cell proliferation assay) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release.
Note from VITROCELL: We inform our customers about the possible need for humidification during installation and training. Among the need for humidification, possible other reasons for low clean air viability are clean air quality and cell handling procedures. Please see our website chapter on humidification for further information http://www.vitrocell.com/inhalation-toxicology/humidification

 

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6. Mar. 2017

Endothelial responses of the alveolar barrier in vitro in a dose-controlled exposure to diesel exhaust particulate matter

DOI 10.1186/s12989-017-0186-4

Sebastian G. Klein1,2, Sébastien Cambier1, Jennifer Hennen2, Sylvain Legay1, Tommaso Serchi1, Inge Nelissen3, Aline Chary1, Elisa Moschini1, Andreas Krein1, Brunhilde Blömeke2 and Arno C. Gutleb1

1Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research and Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41, rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
2Department of Environmental Toxicology, University Trier, Universitätsring 15, 54296 Trier, Germany


In this study tetracultures of alveolar epithelial cells (A549) were exposed to different doses of DEPM (SRM2975) at the air-liquid-interface to present the first approach to combine a complex 3D tetraculture in vitro system with native aerosol exposure equipment to mimic the exposure situation in vivo as closely as possible.

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16. Dec. 2016

'Clean-burning' Fuels May be Worse for Your Lungs

Nala Rogers for 'Inside Science'

A report about artificial lung reveals surprising dangers from pellet burners and diesel-fueled ships at the University of Rostock and Helmholtz Zentrum München in Germany.

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3. Nov. 2016

Air-liquid interface exposure to aerosols of poorly soluble nanomaterials induces different biological activation levels compared to exposure to suspensions

DOI 10.1186/s12989-016-0171-3

Thomas Loret1,2, Emmanuel Peyret1, Marielle Dubreuil1, Olivier Aguerre-Chariol3, Christophe Bressot3, Olivier le Bihan3, Tanguy Amodeo3, Bénédicte Trouiller1, Anne Braun1, Christophe Egles2,4 and Ghislaine Lacroix1


1
Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), (DRC/VIVA/TOXI), Parc Technologique ALATA—BP 2, Verneuil-en-Halatte F-60550, France.
2Laboratoire BioMécanique et BioIngénierie (BMBI), Université de Technologie de Compiègne (UTC), UMR CNRS 7338, Compiègne 60205, France.
3Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), (DRC/CARA/NOVA), Parc Technologique ALATA—BP 2, Verneuil-en-Halatte F-60550, France.
4Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA.
 

A549 alveolar cells in monocultures and in co-cultures with THP-1 macrophages were exposed to aerosols of inhalable and poorly soluble nanomaterials. The results are evaluated by using the Alamar blue®, LDH, Dichlorofluorescein (DCF) and ELISA Assay and shows that the air-liquid interface represents a valid and sensitive method to assess the toxicity of several poorly soluble nanomaterials.

 

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8. Sep. 2016

A lab scale measurement technique for the air-liquid interface exposure of human lung cell cultures towards particulate emissions from combustion processes

11th International Particle Toxicology Conference, Sep 26 – 30, 2016 in Singapore


1S. Mülhopt, 3M. Berger, 1C. Schlager, 2M. Dilger, 2S. Diabaté, 3T. Krebs, 4,5Ralf Zimmermann, 4Jeroen Buters, 4Sebastian Oeder, 2C. Weiss, 1H.-R. Paur

1Institute for Technical Chemistry
2Institute of Toxicology and Genetics

3Vitrocell Systems GmbH, Germany
4Helmholtz CentreMunich, Germany
5University of Rostock, Germany
 

The Karlsruhe Exposure System is a lab scale measurement system for the air-liquid interface exposure of human lung cell cultures towards air borne nanoparticles under well defined conditions.

 

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27. Jun. 2016

Metabolic Profiling as Well as Stable Isotope Assisted Metabolic and Proteomic Analysis of RAW 264.7 Macrophages Exposed to Ship Engine Aerosol Emissions

Different Effects of Heavy Fuel Oil and Refined Diesel Fuel

DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0157964

Sean C. Sapcariu1,12, Tamara Kanashova2,12, Marco Dilger3,4,12, Silvia Diabaté3,12, Sebastian Oeder5,6,12,13, Johannes Passig7,12, Christian Radischat7,12, Jeroen Buters5,6,12,13, Olli Sippula8,12, Thorsten Streibel7,9,12, Hanns-Rudolf Paur4,12, Christoph Schlager4,12, Sonja Mülhopt4,12, Benjamin Stengel10,12, Rom Rabe10,12, Horst Harndorf10,12, Tobias Krebs11,12, Erwin Karg9, Thomas Gröger9, Carsten Weiss3,12, Gunnar Dittmar2,12, Karsten Hiller1,12, Ralf Zimmermann7,9,12

1 Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine 6, avenue du Swing, L-4362 Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg,
2 Mass Spectrometry Core Unit, Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine Berlin-Buch, Berlin, Germany,
3 Institute of Toxicology and Genetics (ITG), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Campus North, Karlsruhe, Germany,
4 Institute for Technical Chemistry (ITC), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Campus North, Karlsruhe, Germany,
5 Center of Allergy and Environment (ZAUM), Helmholtz Zentrum München and Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany,
6 CK-CARE, Christine Kühne Center for Allergy Research and Education, Davos, Switzerland,
7 Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, Division of Analytical and Technical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, University Rostock, Rostock, Germany,
8 University of Eastern Finland, Department of Environmental Science, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland,
9 Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, CMA – Comprehensive Molecular Analytics, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany,
10 Chair of Piston Machines and Internal Combustion Engines, University Rostock, Rostock, Germany,
11 Vitrocell GmbH, Waldkirch, Germany,
12 HICE – Helmholtz Virtual Institute of Complex Molecular Systems in Environmental Health – Aerosols and Health, Neuherberg, Rostock, Munich, Karlsruhe, Berlin, Waldkirch, Germany; Kuopio, Finland; Cardiff, United Kingdom; Esch-Belval, Luxembourg,
13 German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Munich, Germany

An automated ALI exposure system station with 18 exposure positions was used as the interface for mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cell line exposures of the diesel engine exhaust. The evaluation is devided in LDH release assay, Metabolite extraction and GC-MS processing, Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC), Proteome extraction and LC-MS/MS analysis of peptides and Proteomics Data An

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16. Jun. 2016

Nanoparticles on human lung cells

The Vitrocell Exposure System for cell cultures at the air-liquid interface

Sonja Mülhopt1, Tobias Krebs2, Dr Silvia Diabaté3, Christoph Schlager1, Dr Hanns-Rudolf Paur1

1 Institute for Technical Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 
2 Vitrocell Systems GmbH, 
3 Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

 

This article shows the development of an automated exposure system which allows both reproducible sampling and conditioning of aerosols and exposure of the cell cultures under conditions imitating those of the human lung. Bioassays were developed and used for toxicological analysis of particulate emissions from the industry as well as of nanoparticles.

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14. Mar. 2016

Cellular Effects in an In Vitro Human 3D Cellular Airway Model and A549/BEAS-2B In Vitro Cell Cultures Following Air Exposure to Cerium Oxide Particles at an Air–Liquid Interface

DOI: 10.1089/aivt.2015.0030

Ingeborg M. Kooter,1 Mariska Gröllers-Mulderij,1 Maaike Steenhof,1 Evert Duistermaat,2 Frederique A.A. van Acker,2 Yvonne C.M. Staal,2 Peter C. Tromp,1 Eric Schoen,1 C. Frieke Kuper,1 and Eugene van Someren1

1The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, TNO, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
2TNO Triskelion BV, Zeist, The Netherlands.

BEAS-2B, A549, and MucilAir cells were exposed to CeO2 particles and are cultured at air–liquid interface. LDH, cytokine analysis, gene expression analyses, HO-1 analyses and Comet assay were used for evaluation. Cell responses in the MucilAir model exposed via air to CeO2 were minimal compared to those of the cell lines.

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9. Mar. 2016

Toxicity testing of combustion aerosols at the air-liquid interface with a self-contained and easy-to-use exposure system

doi:10.1016/j.jaerosci.2016.02.005

Sonja Mülhopt a, i, Marco Dilger a, b, i, Silvia Diabaté b, i, Christoph Schlager a, i, Tobias Krebs c, i, Ralf Zimmermann d, h, i, Jeroen Buters e, i, Sebastian Oeder e, g, i, Thomas Wäscher f, Carsten Weiss b, i, Hanns-Rudolf Paur a, i

a Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Chemistry, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
b Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
c Vitrocell Systems GmbH, Fabrik Sonntag 3, 79183 Waldkirch, Germany
d University of Rostock, Institute of Chemistry, Dr.-Lorenz-Weg 1, 18051 Rostock, Germany
e Center of Allergy & Environment (ZAUM), Technische Universität and Helmholtz Zentrum München, Biedersteiner Str. 29, 80802 München, Germany
f Ingenieurbüro für Energie- und Verfahrenstechnik, Von-Dalheim-Str. 2, 69231 Rauenberg, Germany
g Kühne Foundation, Christine Kühne Center for Allergy Research and Education (CK- CARE), München, Germany
h Cooperation Group “Comprehensive Molecular Analytics” – CMA, Helmholtz Zentrum München, 85764 Oberschleißheim/ Germany
i HICE – Helmholtz Virtual Institute of Complex Molecular Systems in Environmental Health – Aerosols and Health

 

Highlights

• We present a fully automated Air-Liquid-Interface Exposure System.
• System characterisation shows a high reproducibility.
• Wood combustion aerosol causes cytotoxicity in human lung epithelial cells.
• Gene regulation caused by ship diesel emissions in human lung epithelial cells.

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8. Jan. 2016

Carbonbeton – eine neue Art des Bauens

Projekt C³-Carbon Concrete Composite

VITROCELL® Systems GmbH ist Teil dieses größten Bauforschungsprojektes Deutschlands, dem Projekt C³-Carbon Concrete Composite. Zusammen mit mehr als 130 Partnern aus Forschung, Unternehmen und Verbänden wird im C³-Projekt einen neuer Materialverbund aus Carbonfasern und Hochleistungsbeton mit unserer Technologie getestet.

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