Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

25. Jun. 2020

Novel TEM Grid holders for dose determination of airborne particles during in vitro Exposure at the air / liquid interface

The assessment of toxicological effects of airborne particles to the human organism is of major importance in disease research. The presence of nano and ultrafine particles can be found both in indoor and outdoor atmospheres which include workplaces and living areas. Over the last years, the degree of contribution to diseases of such particles is analyzed ever more frequent by the use of in vitro methods. The required equipment for these studies consisting of aerosol generation and exposure systems are nowadays developed more and more to proven levels.

VITROCELL Application Note.

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21. May. 2020

A novel TEM grid sampler for airborne particles to measure the cell culture surface dose

Sonja Mülhopt1, Christoph Schlager2, Markus Berger2, Sivakumar Murugadoss3, Peter H. Hoet3, Tobias Krebs2, Hanns-Rudolf paur1 & Dieter Stapf1
1Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Technical Chemistry, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, 76344, Germany. 
2Vitrocell Systems GmbH, Waldkirch, 79183, Germany. 
3KU Leuven, Environment and Health, Leuven, 3000, Belgium.

 

The surface dose and the spatial distribution on the membrane delivers important data for  measuring dose-response relationships in toxicity studies.  Image evaluation of transmission electron  microscopy (TEM) samples is a highly sensitive method for determination of deposition. This paper reports  the development and characterization of a novel holder for film coated TEM copper grids, which allows for  sampling under identical geometric and ambient conditions as in a cell culture chamber. 

 

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13. May. 2020

An Air-liquid Interface Bronchial Epithelial Model for Realistic, Repeated Inhalation Exposure to Airborne Particles for Toxicity Testing

DOI:10.3791/61210 


Hedwig M. Braakhuis1, Ruiwen He1,2, Rob J. Vandebriel1, Eric R. Gremmer1, Edwin Zwart1, Jolanda P. Vermeulen1, Paul Fokkens1, John Boere1, Ilse Gosens1, Flemming R. Cassee1,2 
1National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) 
2Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS) 


This article provides a method for culturing and exposing the human bronchial epithelial cell line Calu-37 at the Air-liquid Interface that mimics realistic, repeated inhalation exposure conditions that can be used for toxicity testing. By applying a continuous airflow using the Automated Exposure System, the cell model can be exposed to a low concentration of particles over a longer time period, reflecting realistic exposure conditions. Characteristics of both the cell model and of  the exposure system are essential for achieving a realistic inhalation exposure model that can be used for repeated exposures. 

 

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10. Mar. 2019

New Products at VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2019

09 March 2019, Hilton Inner Harbour Hotel, Baltimore, USA

Following the VITROCELL® User Group Meeting 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, international scientists from Europe, Japan, Korea and USA reconvened in March 2019.

The informal event organized into short presentations and posters was followed by open discussions. It was an excellent opportunity to discuss the latest developments of VITROCELL®, to exchange your experience in working with the equipment and to meet other fellow researchers.
The meeting took place prior to the international Society of Toxicology 58th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo, March 10 – 14, 2018, in Baltimore, USA - one of the largest international conferences related to toxicology.

Focus of the event was to share VITROCELL® activities since the last meeting, to exchange latest research results, to give an update on VITROCELL’s participation in major research programs as well as the presentation of new products for 2019.

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28. Oct. 2018

Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology

Manufacturers invest in nonanimal tests to evaluate health risks of e-cigarettes and other next-generation tobacco products

c&en, Volume 96, Issue 43

Britt E. Erickson

The complexity of next-generation tobacco products has increased by a number of factors since FDA was given responsibility to regulate tobacco. Testing e-liquids with animals is not practical, economically and not that accurate. The Vitrocell system generates airborne materials from test products, such as smoke from reference cigarettes and vapor from e-cigarettes, in a manner that simulates how a person would puff. This artcile shows, how IIVS scientists use human donor tissues, obtained from organs, to create cell cultures and in vitro test systems.


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6. Jun. 2018

Distribution of polymer-coated gold nanoparticles in a 3D lung model and indication of apoptosis after repeated exposure

DOI: 10.2217/nnm-2017-0358

Savvina Chortarea1,2, Kleanthis Fytianos1,3,4, Laura Rodriguez-Lorenzo1, Alke Petri-Fink1,5 & Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser1
1BioNanomaterials, Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
2Laboratory for Particles – Biology Interactions, Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials, Science & Technology, St Gallen, Switzerland
3Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
4Department of Clinical Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
5Department of Chemistry, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland

The distribution and impact of aerosol-delivered functionalized AuNPs upon repeated administration were explored in a complex in vitro human lung epithelial tissue barrier model applying an air–liquid interface exposure approach. Nanoparticles were aerosolized using the Air-Liquid Interface system consisting of a nebulizer, an exposure and an incubation chamber connected to an air-flow system to provide optimum conditions for cell cultivation as well as a quartz crystal microbalance for online measurements of the NP dose deposited on the cells surface.

 

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1. Jun. 2018

Charakterisierung von Partikelemissionen aus dem Trennschleifprozess von kohlefaserverstärktem Beton (Carbonbeton)

Autoren:
Hillemann, L.; Stintz, M.; Streibel, T.; Zimmermann, R.; Öder, S.; Kasurinen, S.; di Bucchianico, S.; Kanashova, T.; Dittmar, G.; Konzack, D.; Große, S.; Rudolph, A.; Berger, M.; Krebs, T.; Saraji-Bozorgzad, M. R.; Walte, A.

Die Wirkung von Emissionen aus dem Trennen von Carbonbeton werden in einer Kombination aus Trennstaubgenerator, Verdünnungssystem und Expositionssystem an Zellkulturen (A549 und THP-1) gegenüber den entstehenden Stäuben bestimmt (Zytotoxizität).

 

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26. May. 2018

Acute effects of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on primary bronchial epithelial cells from COPD patients

DOI: 10.1080/17435390.2018.1472310

Beyeler S1,2, Chortarea S3,4, Rothen-Rutishauser B3, Petri-Fink A3, Wick P4, Tschanz SA5, von Garnier C1,2, Blank F1,2.

1 Department of BioMedical Research , University of Bern , Bern , Switzerland.
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine , University Hospital of Bern , Bern , Switzerland.
3 BioNanomaterials, Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg , Fribourg , Switzerland.
4 Laboratory for Particles-Biology Interactions, Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Material Science and Technology , St. Gallen , Switzerland.
5 Institute of Anatomy, University of Bern , Bern, Switzerland.

This paper shows the investigation of acute effects of occupational multi-walled carbon nanotubes exposure in primary epithelial lung cell cultures from potentially susceptible individuals with COPD.

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10. May. 2018

Combining MucilAir™ and Vitrocell® Powder Chamber for the In Vitro Evaluation of Nasal Ointments in the Context of Aerosolized Pollen

https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics10020056 

Julia Metz 1,2, Katharina Knoth 1, Henrik Groß 1, Claus-Michael Lehr 1,2,3, Carolin Stäbler 4, Udo Bock 5, and Marius Hittinger 1
1Department of Drug Delivery, PharmBioTec GmbH, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
2Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Department of Pharmacy, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
3Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS), Helmholtz Center for Infection Research (HZI), 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
4Department of Scientific Affairs Consumer Health, Bayer Vital GmbH, 51368 Leverkusen, Germany
5Bock Project Management, 54456 Tawern, Germany

In this study two innovative in vitro techniques were combined: The Vitrocell® Powder Chamber and the human cell based MucilAir™ system. Their combined use allows the investigation of the effect of aerosolized pollen and appropriate drugs on a human mucosal tissue, a similar scenario finding in humans. The release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) was quantified as an initial cellular response to pollen contact and to confirm the protective effect of drugs.

 

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11. Mar. 2018

Photometer Calibration Method

User Group Meeting 2018

Johannes Sood

VITROCELL Systems GmbH, 79183 Waldkirch, Germany

The poster shows a reliable method for the photometer calibration.

 

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