Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

20. Apr. 2021

An In Vitro Air-Liquid Interface Inhalation Platform for Petroleum Substances and Constituents

DOI: 10.14573/altex.2010211 


Sandra Verstraelen1, An Jacobs1, Jo Van Laer1, Karen Hollanders1, Masha Van Deun2, Diane Bertels2, Rob Brabers1, Hilda Witters1, Sylvie Remy1,3, Lieve Geerts1, Lize Deferme4 and Evelien Frijns1
1VITO NV (Flemish Institute for Technological Research), Unit HEALTH, Mol, Belgium; 
2VITO NV, Unit Separation and Conversion Technology (SCT), Mol, Belgium; 
3University of Antwerp, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Antwerp, Belgium; 
4ExxonMobil Petroleum and Chemical BV, Machelen, Belgium
 

This pilot study exposed a frequently used in vitro model (A549 cells) at the ALI to assess inhalation toxicity of the single compound EB. Experimental conditions using the VITROCELL® 24/48 exposure system were optimized to achieve a (low) delivery efficiency that resulted in dose-dependent biological changes. The data demonstrate consistency in effect levels when comparing cell viability in the ALI experiments with known in vivo non-lethal effects in humans. It can be concluded that QIVIVE from in vitro air concentrations applied for testing cell viability to in vivo air concentrations may be a promising method for screening for acute inhalation toxicity. 

 

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23. Feb. 2021

Product News 02/2021

The New VITROCELL® RH/T-Controller

Reliable digital Humidity- and Temperature Measurement

The VITROCELL® RH/T-Controller system was designed to measure temperature and relative humidity in numerous applications at high precision. It can be fitted to humidification systems, aerosol ducts and climatic chambers.

VITROCELL® RH/T-Controller – Reliable digital Humidity- and Temperature Measurement

 

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15. Feb. 2021

Impact of Sea Breeze Dynamics on Atmospheric Pollutants and Their Toxicity in Industrial and Urban Coastal Environments

doi:10.3390/rs12040648

Patrick Augustin 1, Sylvain Billet 2 , Suzanne Crumeyrolle 3, Karine Deboudt 1, Elsa Dieudonné 1 , Pascal Flament 1 , Marc Fourmentin 1 , Sarah Guilbaud 1, Benjamin Hanoune 4 , Yann Landkocz 2, Clémence Méausoone 2, Sayahnya Roy 5, François G. Schmitt 5, Alexei Sentchev 5 and Anton Sokolov 1
1 Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, UR 4493—LPCA—Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie de l’Atmosphère, 59140 Dunkerque, France;
2 Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, UR 4492—UCEiV—Unité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant, 59140 Dunkerque, France; 
3 Univ. Lille, CNRS, UMR 8518—LOA—Laboratoire d’Optique Atmosphérique, 59000 Lille, France;
4 Univ. Lille, CNRS, UMR 8522—PC2A—Physico-Chimie des Processus de Combustion et de l’Atmosphère, 59000 Lille, France; 
5 Univ. Lille, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, CNRS, UMR 8187—LOG—Laboratoire d’Océanologie et de Géosciences, F 62930 Wimereux, France; 

 

An atmospheric mobile unit was implemented during a field campaign performed at a representative site of urbanized and industrialized coastal environment of the North Sea (Northern France), to study the impact of sea breeze dynamics on aerosol properties, and especially their toxicity. This unit combined aerosol samplers, two scanning lidars (Doppler and elastic), two aerosol particle sizers and an air-liquid interface (ALI, Vitrocell) in vitro cell exposure device. This study is one of the first to bring cell cultures into the field to evaluate the harmfulness of a real environmental compartment. Atmospheric toxicity in the presence or absence of sea breeze was demonstrated in human bronchial cells exposed in the field using an ALI exposure system. The study showed the sensitivity of the developed device to discriminate the mechanisms of toxic action activated when exposed to different atmospheres.

 

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29. Jan. 2021

A Bioinspired in vitro Lung Model to Study Particokinetics of Nano-/Microparticles Under Cyclic Stretch and Air-Liquid Interface Conditions

DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2021.616830 


Ali Doryab 1,2, Mehmet Berat Taskin 3, Philipp Stahlhut 3, Andreas Schröppel 1,2, Sezer Orak 1,2, Carola Voss 1,2, Arti Ahluwalia 4,5, Markus Rehberg 1,2, Anne Hilgendorff 1,2,6, Tobias Stöger 1,2, Jürgen Groll 3 and Otmar Schmid 1,2

1 Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Munich, Germany,
2 Helmholtz Zentrum München—German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, Munich, Germany, 
3 Department of Functional Materials in Medicine and Dentistry, Bavarian Polymer Institute, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany, 
4 Research Center “E. Piaggio”, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy, 
5 Department of Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy, 
6 Center for Comprehensive Developmental Care (CDeCLMU), Dr. von Haunersches Children’s Hospital University, Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
 

We have recently introduced a novel porous and elastic membrane for in vitro cell-stretch models of the lung cultured under ALI conditions (Doryab et al., 2020). This innovative hybrid biphasic membrane, henceforth referred to as Biphasic Elastic Thin for Air-liquid culture conditions (BETA) membrane, was developed to optimize membrane characteristics for  the two phases of cell-stretch experiments under ALI conditions, namely the initial cell seeding, attachment and growth phase under submerged cell culture conditions  (phase  I)  followed  by an ALI acclimatization and cell-stretch phase at the ALI (phase II). This patented aerosol-cell exposure unit has recently been made  commercially  available  as  VITROCELL® Cloud  MAX.

 

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22. Jan. 2021

Product News 01/2021

The New VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha MAX

Smallest nebulization volumes and high deposition efficiency

The VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha MAX is designed for small nebulization volumes and very high deposition efficiency. This is important when only small quantities of material are available or when expensive test substances need to be tested.

VITROCELL® Cloud Alpha MAX – Ideal for small quantities of test substance

 

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14. Jan. 2021

Toxic effects of gunshot fumes from different ammunitions for small arms on lung cells exposed at the air liquid interface

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2021.105095


Espen Mariussen a,b, Lise Fjellsbø a,c, Tomas Roll Frømyr b, Ida Vaa Johnsen b, Tove Engen Karsrud b, Øyvind Albert Voie b
a Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), PO Box 100, NO-2027 Kjeller, Norway
b Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), PO Box 25, NO-2027 Kjeller, Norway
c Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), PO Box 5003, NO-1432 Ås, Norway

 

Highlights
•Gunshot fumes are cytotoxic and induce DNA-damage in lung cells exposed at the air liquid interface.
•Shooting from small arms generate fumes with substantial amounts of nanosized materials.
•Toxicity of the gunshot fumes differed between different types of ammunition.

 

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29. Dec. 2020

Air–Liquid Interface Exposure of Lung Epithelial Cells to Low Doses of Nanoparticles to Assess Pulmonary Adverse Effects

https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11010065

 

Silvia Diabaté 1, Lucie Armand 2, Sivakumar Murugadoss 1 , Marco Dilger 1 , Susanne Fritsch-Decker 1, Christoph Schlager 3, David Béal 2, Marie-Edith Arnal 2, Mathilde Biola-Clier 2, Selina Ambrose 4, Sonja Mülhopt 3, Hanns-Rudolf Paur 3, Iseult Lynch 5 , Eugenia Valsami-Jones 5 , Marie Carriere 2, and Carsten Weiss 1

1 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Biological and Chemical Systems–Biological Information Processing, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany;
2 CEA, CNRS, IRIG, SyMMES, University Grenoble Alpes, 38054 Grenoble, France;
3 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Chemistry, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany; 
4 Promethean Particles Ltd., Nottingham NG7 3EF, UK;
5 School of Geography Earth & Environmental Sciences (GEES), University of Birmingham (UoB), Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK;

 

KIT, together with VITROCELL SYSTEMS, set up a first Automated Exposure Station, which has been used for the assessment of nanoscale particle emissions from combustion sources such as ship diesel and wood burners. The system was further developed and offers a compact solution for toxicity testing of nanoparticle (NP) aerosols including sample conditioning, reproducible deposition, integrated dose determination by a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), flow control, automated processes and data acquisition. The device was also tested with partner laboratories with the aim of potentially standardizing and achieving regulatory acceptance of the method.

 

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2. Dec. 2020

Toxicological responses of BEAS-2B cells to repeated exposures to benzene, toluene, m-xylene, and mesitylene using air–liquid interface method

DOI: 10.1002/jat.4113 


Clémence Méausoone1, Yann Landkocz1, Fabrice Cazier2, Marianne Seigneur1, Dominique Courcot1, Sylvain Billet1
1 Unité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkirk, France
2 Centre Commun de Mesures, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkirk, France
 

BEAS-2B cells were exposed to benzene, toluene, m-xylene, or mesitylene gaseous stream diluted in air using an Vitrocell ALI system composed of three 6/3 CF stainless modules.
This study shows the feasibility of observing mechanisms of toxic action during repeated exposure at ALI to doses close to human exposure.

 

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30. Nov. 2020

Product News 12/2020

VITROCELL® 12/12 now available with Climatic Chamber

For reliable aerosol exposure of cell cultures using 12- or 24-well sized inserts

The VITROCELL® 12/12 module system has been designed to facilitate the exposure of mammalian cell cultures to airborne substances such as gases, complex mixtures, nanoparticles and fibers. It features a throughput of 3 dilution steps @ 3 replicates and 1 clean air control at 3 replicates. In order to optimize the exposure for liquid aerosols and to maximize the performance of humidified air supply it is now also available in a user-friendly climatic chamber.

VITROCELL® 12/12 now available with Climatic Chamber

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28. Nov. 2020

Parametric Optimization of an Air–Liquid Interface System for Flow-Through Inhalation Exposure to Nanoparticles: Assessing Dosimetry and Intracellular Uptake of CeO2 Nanoparticles

doi:10.3390/nano10122369

Lars B. Leibrock 1, Harald Jungnickel 1, Jutta Tentschert 1, Aaron Katz 1, Blaza Toman 2 , Elijah J. Petersen 3 , Frank S. Bierkandt 1, Ajay Vikram Singh 1 , Peter Laux 1 and Andreas Luch 1
1 German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department of Chemical and Product Safety, Max-Dohrn-Strasse 8-10, 10589 Berlin, Germany; 
2 Information Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaitherburg, MD 20899-8311, USA; 
3 Materials Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaitherburg, MD 20899-8311, USA; 

 

ALI systems are considered to be a promising exposure system to study toxicological e ects of airborne nanomaterials instead of in vivo inhalation studies and have been widely used to assess the toxicology of nanomaterials in recent years. However, the robustness of these methods is not yet wellunderstood. Here we reported a C&E analysis of a commonly used flow through ALI exposure system.

 

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