Advanced in vitro exposure systems.

22. Mar. 2019

In vitro toxicological evaluation of emissions from catalytic oxidation removal of industrial VOCs by air/liquid interface (ALI) exposure system in repeated mode.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2019.03.030
Méausoone C1, El Khawaja R1, Tremolet G1, Siffert S1, Cousin R1, Cazier F2, Billet S1, Courcot D3, Landkocz Y1.
1 UCEIV - EA4492, Unité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkerque, France.
2 Centre Commun de Mesure, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkerque, France.
3 UCEIV - EA4492, Unité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le Vivant, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkerque, France.. Electronic address: dominique.courcot@univ-littoral.fr.

BEAS-2B cells were exposed using an Air-Liquid Interface (ALI) System (Vitrocell®) to gaseous flows of toluene vapors and outflow after catalytic oxidation of toluene. After exposure to gaseous flow, cytotoxicity, inflammatory response and Xenobiotic Metabolism Enzymes (XME) gene expression were investigated.

Highlights
• Toxicity of toluene increases with time when cells are repeatedly exposed.
• Toxicological analysis helps for validation of catalysts used in treatment of VOCs.
• Cellular response supports the identification of chemically undetected by-products.


 

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6. Mar. 2019

Carbendazim induces death in alveolar epithelial cells: A comparison between submerged and at the air-liquid interface cell culture.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2019.03.004

Tollstadius BF, da Silva ACG, Oliveira BC, Pedralli, Valadares MC.

Laboratory of Education and Research in In vitro Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

In this work, the toxicity of the fungicide Carbendazim upon A549 alveolar cells was tested in comparison of monolayer and air-liquid interface cell system exposition. 


 

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5. Mar. 2019

A lower impact of an acute exposure to electronic cigarette aerosols than to cigarette smoke in human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures was demonstrated using systems toxicology assessment

DOI:10.1007/s11739-019-02055-x
Filippo Zanetti1, Athanasios Kondylis1, Florian Martin1, Patrice Leroy1, Shoaib Majeed1, Sandro Steiner1, Yang Xiang1, Laura Ortega Torres1, Keyur Trivedi1, Emmanuel Guedj1, Celine Merg1, Stefan Frentzel1, Nikolai V. Ivanov1, Utkarsh Doshi2, Kyeonghee Monica Lee2, Willie J. McKinneyJr2, Manuel C. Peitsch1, Julia Hoeng1

1 Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A.NeuchâtelSwitzerland
2 Altria Client Services LLCRichmondUSA

Human organotypic buccal and small airway cultures were exposed in two independent exposure systems (Vitrocell® 24/48), one for 3R4F reference cigarette smoke and the other for e-cigarette aerosol exposures to summarize the exposure-induced impacts into four main cellular processes: the cell fate, cell proliferation, cell stress, and inflammatory process.

 

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20. Feb. 2019

An in vitro coculture system for the detection of sensitization following aerosol exposure

DOI:10.14573/altex.1901241

Aline Chary1,2, Tommaso Serchi1, Elisa Moschini1, Jennifer Hennen2, Sébastien Cambier1, Janine Ezendam3, Brunhilde Blömeke2 and Arno C. Gutleb1
1Department of Environmental Research and Innovation, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Luxembourg; 
2Department of Environmental Toxicology, University Trier, Germany; 
3Centre for Health Protection, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands

 

The Vitrocell® Cloud-6 system was used for the exposure of a coculture in vitro model to test compounds and vehicle controls. The 3D in vitro model was cultured at the air liquid interface consists of A549, EA.hy926, PMA-differentiated THP-1 and non-differentiated THP-1 cells, that were exposed to nebulized chemical respiratory sensitizers. The results are shown in flow cytometry measurements, cytokine release and gene expression.

 

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2. Feb. 2019

Toxicological comparison of cigarette smoke and e-cigarette aerosol using a 3D in vitro human respiratory model.

DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.01.036

Czekala L1, Simms L2, Stevenson M2, Tschierske N2, Maione AG3, Walele T2.
1 Imperial Brands PLC, 121 Winterstoke Road, Bristol, BS3 2LL, UK. Electronic address: Lukasz.Czekala@uk.imptob.com.
2 Imperial Brands PLC, 121 Winterstoke Road, Bristol, BS3 2LL, UK.
3 MatTek, 200 Homer Ave., Ashland, MA, USA.

In this research article a respiratory epithelial model, EpiAirway, was used to examine the biological effects of nicotine-containing blu PLUS + e-cigarettes, in comparison to conventional cigarette smoke. Tissues were exposed at the air-liquid interface to cigarette smoke or e-cigarette aerosol generated using a VITROCELL VC1 smoking/vaping robot. 

 

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20. Dec. 2018

Establishing the Vitrocell® Powder Chamber as a particle size-selective platform for in vitro dry powder testing

S. Steiner1 , M. Hittinger2 , K. Knoth2 , H. Gross2 , S. Frentzel1 , A. Kuczaj1 , J. Hoeng1 , T. Krebs3 , M. Peitsch1
1 PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
2 PharmBioTec GmbH, Science Park 1, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
3 Vitrocell® Systems GmbH, Fabrik Sonntag 3, 79183 Waldkirch, Germany

The poster shows the use of the Vitrocell® Powder Chamber for dry powder testing by online monitoring of the powder mass deposition, by QCMs Nicotine quantification, particle number deposition and particle size distribution.

 

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18. Dec. 2018

Development of a quantitative method for assessment of dose in in vitro evaluations using a VITROCELL® VC10® smoke exposure system

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2018.12.010

Brian M. Keysera, Robert Leverettea, Kathy Fowlera, Wanda Fieldsa, Victoria Hargreavesb, Lesley Reeveb, Betsy Bombicka
a RAI Services Company1, Scientific & Regulatory Affairs, 401 North Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27101, USA
b Covance Laboratories Ltd., North Yorkshire, UK

The aims of this study were to investigate dosimetry during whole smoke exposure in the VITROCELL® VC10® smoking robot using QCMs and to determine whether photometers could be used for concurrent assessment of dose during in vitro whole smoke exposures.

 

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28. Oct. 2018

Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology

Manufacturers invest in nonanimal tests to evaluate health risks of e-cigarettes and other next-generation tobacco products

c&en, Volume 96, Issue 43

Britt E. Erickson

The complexity of next-generation tobacco products has increased by a number of factors since FDA was given responsibility to regulate tobacco. Testing e-liquids with animals is not practical, economically and not that accurate. The Vitrocell system generates airborne materials from test products, such as smoke from reference cigarettes and vapor from e-cigarettes, in a manner that simulates how a person would puff. This artcile shows, how IIVS scientists use human donor tissues, obtained from organs, to create cell cultures and in vitro test systems.


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26. Jul. 2018

Hybrid Lipid/Polymer Nanoparticles for Pulmonary Delivery of siRNA: Development and Fate Upon In Vitro Deposition on the Human Epithelial Airway Barrier

DOI: 10.1089/jamp.2017.1364

Ivana d’Angelo, PhD,1 Gabriella Costabile, PhD,2,3 Estelle Durantie, PhD,3 Paola Brocca, PhD,4 Valeria Rondelli, PhD,4 Annapina Russo, PhD,5 Giulia Russo, PhD,5 Agnese Miro, PharmD,2 Fabiana Quaglia, PhD,2 Alke Petri-Fink, PhD,3 Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser, PhD,3 and Francesca Ungaro, PhD2
1 Di.S.T.A.Bi.F., University of Campania ‘‘Luigi Vanvitelli,’’ Caserta, Italy.
2 Laboratory of Drug Delivery, Department of Pharmacy, University of Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
3 Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.
4 Applied Physics, Department of Medical Biotechnology and Translational Medicine, University of Milano, Milano, Italy.
5 Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Pharmacy, University of Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy.

The Vitrocell Cloud was used for the exposure to aerosolized nanoparticles on a in vitro three-dimensional cell cluture, mimicking the human epithelial airway barrier comprising human bronchial epithelial cells,human blood monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells to show the optimized siRNA transport and delivery at lung.

 

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9. Jul. 2018

Delivery efficiencies of constituents of combustion-derived aerosols across the air-liquid interface during in vitro exposures.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2018.06.024

Steiner S, Diana P, Dossin E, Guy P, Vuillaume G, Kondylis A, Majeed S, Frentzel S, Hoeng J

PMI R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Quai Jeanrenaud 5, 2000, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Highlights
•Different smoke constituents are delivered with different efficiencies during in vitro exposures.
•This indicates considerable differences in the composition of the applied and the absorbed smoke.
•The composition of the applied smoke is of limited value for describing the exposure.

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